新概念英语第二册第36课课文详解、翻译及语法
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新概念英语第二册第36课课文详解、翻译及语法

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时间:2021-07-23

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Lesson 36 Across the Channel 横渡海峡 First listen and then answer the question. 听录音,然后回答以下问题。 What is Debbie going to try to do? Debbie Hart is going to swim across the English Channel tomorrow. She is going to set out from the French coast at five o'clock in the morning. Debbie is only eleven years old and she hopes to set up a new world record. She is a strong swimmer and many people feel that she is sure to succeed. Debbie's father will set out with her in a small boat. Mr. Hart has trained his daughter for years. Tomorrow he will be watching her anxiously as she swims the long distance to England. Debbie intends to take short rests every two hours. She will have something to drink but she will not eat any solid food. Most of Debbie's school friends will be waiting for her on the English coast. Among them will be Debbie's mother, who swam the Channel herself when she was a girl. New words and expressions 生词和短语 record n. 记录 strong adj. 强壮的 swimmer n. 游泳运动员 succeed v. 成功 train v. 训练 anxiously adv. 焦急地 intend v. 打算 solid adj. 固体的,硬的 参考译文 黛比.哈特准备明天横渡英吉利海峡。她打算早上 5 点钟从法国海岸出发。黛比只有 11 岁,她希望创一项新的世界纪录。她是一个游泳能手,很多人认为她一定能成功。黛比的父 亲将乘一条小船同她一道出发。哈特先生训练她的女儿已经多年了,明天他将焦急地注视着 女儿游过这段漫长的距离到达英国。黛比计划每两小时休息一下。她将喝些饮料,但不吃固 体食物。黛比的大部分同学将在英国海岸等候她。他们当中还会有黛比的母亲,她本人还是 个姑娘时,也曾横渡过英吉利海峡! 【New words and expressions】 生词和短语 ★record [ ] n. 记录 record [ ] vt 如果同一词音节落在第一个音节的重音, 肯定是名词, 重音落在第二个音节肯定是动词 recorder [ ]录音机 如 present n adj [ ] v [ ] / desert n [ ] v [ ] break the record 破记录 / set up a new record 创记录 hold the record 保持记录 / keep the record 保持记录 equal[ ] adj.相等的, 均等的, 胜任的, 平静的, 合适的, 不相上下的 n.相等的事物(或数量), 对手, 匹敌, 同辈 vt.等于, 比得上等号, 等于 equalize the recorder 平记录 (equalize [ ] vt.使相等, 补偿) ★strong adj 强壮的 as strong as horse 象牛一样壮(马) strong wind 大风 heavy rain 大雨 strong girl (隐示不是很瘦, 结实) strong mind 意志坚强 out of sight,out of mind 眼不见, 心不烦 sturdy [ ] adj. : 结实的, 强健的 robust [ ] [ ] adj. : 身体结实 (“乐百事” 英文名) strong swimmer : strong +运动员 : 获胜把握比较大, 强有力的(“强有力的对手” 中的 “强有力” 就用 “strong” 表达) swimmer : 确切的意思为 : 游泳者, 游泳的人 athlete [ ] n : 运动员(运动会上常说的运动员) swimming athlete 游泳运动员 (这里的 “-ing” 以为 “用来” ) ★swimmer n 游泳运动员, 游泳者 ★succeed v 成功 success n 成功, 成功的人 successful adj 成功的 succeed in doing sth / be successful in doing sth fail v fail to do sth failure [ ] n. 失败, 失败者, 缺乏, 失灵, 故障, 破产, 疏忽, 不及格 ★train v 训练 train sb to do sth (教, 而且有让人形成某种技能) / teach sb to do sth (只是教, 会不会不管) trainer 教练 / training center 训练中心 ★anxiously adv 焦急 anxiousl adj ★intend v 打算 ① be to/② be about to/③ be going to:表将来 ④ intend to do sth=be going to do sth 打算做某事 ⑤ plan 计划 : plan to do sth 计划作某事 ⑥ mean to do sth 打算做某事 : what do you mean to do(intend to do) ⑦ aim to do sth 打算做某事 aim [ ] n 目标 I am going to have a company. / I intend to have a company. ⑧ I will do sth=I intend to do sth plan to do / mean to do / aim to do / hope to do / want to do 这类词本身没有将来时态, 本 身就表示将来, 用一般现在时表示将来时 ★solid adj 固体的, 硬的 the ice is solid 冰很硬 ballet dancers/football player (ballet [ ] n.芭蕾舞, 芭蕾舞 剧, 芭蕾舞乐曲) 1 work as+地点 2 工作怎么样 (1)interesing/boring/exciting (bore [ ] v n 使烦扰) (2)人对工作的喜欢程度, she/he likes the job very much. channel 海峡 the Channel=the English channel (当 “C” 大写时, 一定是指 the English channel) across 横渡, across the Channel 【Text】 【课文讲解】 at five o’clock in the morning 先说小单位, 再说大单位 hope 希望 : hope to do : 希望自己做 / hope that+从句 : 希望别人做 she hope to set up a new world recorder. feel (that), 宾语从句中的 that 可以省略 must + 动词原形 表示一定, 一种推测 be sure to do : 一定能够, 肯定语气比 “must” 强 sure [ ] adj. 对....有把握, 确信某事, 稳当的, 可靠的 adv.的确, 当然 Are you sure? 你肯定吗? sure 肯定 be sure of(对某件事情, 名词做宾语) be sure to do(对某件事情动词有把握) be sure that(对某件事情, 某人做某事有把握) I am sure that I can do sth=I am sure of sth=I am sure to do sth. I am sure of my success. / I am sure to succeed. I am sure that I can succeed. (be successful) ...with her 同她一道 by boat / in a boat 乘船

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