江苏省2018-2019学年下学期高二英语期中试卷精选汇编书面表达专题
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江苏省2018-2019学年下学期高二英语期中试卷精选汇编书面表达专题

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书面表达专题 江苏省常州“教学研究合作联盟”2018-2019 学年高二英语下学期期中试题 第五部分书面表达(满分 25 分) 61.请认真阅读下列材料,并按要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。 【写作内容】 1. 用约 30 个单词概括所给材料的主要内容。 2. 用约 120 个单词发表你对―上网搜索答案‖这种现象的看法, 内容包括: (1) 在作业中遇到困难时是否要上网搜索答案? 请陈述你的观点。 (2) 请用 2 到 3 个理由支持你的观点。 【写作要求】 1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句。 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 3. 不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 【答案】 As the above diaries show, nowadays, when meeting difficulties with their homework, some students turn to the Internet for answers while others try to solve them by themselves. From my point of view, we students should not copy answers directly on the Internet when doing homework. On the one hand, since we always settle the troubles by searching for solutions online, we tend to become very lazy and don't bother to think up answers independently, which would hold back the development of creative thinking. Besides, if we depend heavily on the Internet for answers, we may lose not only the ability to solve problems but also the interest in study. On the other hand, the answers online may be inaccurate or wrong. If we use them without thinking, we may make serious mistakes. Thus, when we come across some difficulties, we'd better try our best to find possible solutions by ourselves. 【解析】 【分析】 这是一篇议论文。对学生在家庭作业中遇到困难时,上网搜索答案这种现象发表自己的看 法。 【详解】第一题 第一步:阅读 1.认真阅读给定的原文材料,如果一遍不能理解,就多读两遍;阅读次数越多,你对原文 的理解就越深刻。 2.划出那些能概括文章主题思想的单词、短语或短句子;决定原文中哪些部分重要,哪些 部分次重要了;对重要部分的主要观点进行概括。 3.简要地记下主要观点——主题、标题、细节等你认为对概括概要写作重要的东西。 第二步:写作步骤 浏览课文,找出主题:短文介绍了智能手机严重影响了人们的生活。 2.分析文章的结构,把它分成几个部分,找出每个部分的主要思想,用你自己的文字简短地 写出来。本文主要分为两部分。第一部分:some students turn to the Internet for answers。第 二部分:others try to solve them by themselves。按照逻辑顺序组织将主要和相关的支持点用 最短的连接词进行连接。如:when ,while。 第三步:修改成文 草稿拟好以后,对它进行修改。 首先,与原文比较看是否把所有重要的观点都概括了,概要写作中的观点是否与原文中的 完全一致。 其次,如果出现了不必要的词汇、短语或长句子,删除它们,保持语言简单明了。 最后,检查拼写、语法和标点符号的错误。 第二题 第一步:审题。审题的目的是获取重要信息。通过审题我们可以确定几个方面的信息。第 一,正如上面的日记所显示的,如今,当学生在家庭作业中遇到困难时,有些寻求答案, 而另一些学生则试图自己解决问题;不同意上网抄袭答案,并阐述自己的理由;总结自己 的观点。第二,人称为第一人称和第三人称。第三,时态为一般现在时。 第二步:布局段落,确定主要段落,次要段落,段落数量。这篇写作段落数量为三段。第 一段,正如上面的日记所显示的,如今,当学生在家庭作业中遇到困难时,有些寻求答案, 而另一些学生则试图自己解决问题。第二段,不同意上网抄袭答案,并阐述自己的理由。 第三段,总结自己的观点。 第三步:确定关键词汇和短语:lazy, meet difficulties with their homework, turn to the Internet for answers, solve them by themselves, from my point of view, copy, settle the troubles, search for solutions online, bother to think up answers independently, hold back the development of creative thinking, depend heavily on, lose not only the ability to solve problems but also the interest in study, inaccurate or wrong, make serious mistakes, come across。 第四步:确定较为高级的句子:when 引导的时间状语从句 we students should not copy answers directly on the Internet when doing homework. since 引导的原因状语从句和 which 引导的非限 制性定语从句 On the one hand, since we always settle the troubles by searching for solutions online, we tend to become very lazy and don't bother to think up answers independently, which would hold back the development of creative thinking。If 引导的条件状语从句 if we depend heavily on the Internet for answers, we may lose not only the ability to solve problems but also the interest in study。 第五步:连句成文,注意使用恰当的连接词进行过渡衔接:On the one hand,Besides,On the other hand, Thus。 第六步:注意书写,保持卷面整洁,避免划线,乱擦。 【点睛】文章思路清晰,语言规范,段落整齐,语篇连贯,层次清晰。使用了较为高级的 句式:如 when 引导的时间状语从句 we students should not copy answers directly on the Internet when doing homework. since 引导的原因状语从句和 which 引导的非限制性定语从句 On the one hand, since we always settle the troubles by searching for solutions online, we tend to become very lazy and don't bother to think up answers independently, which would hold back the development of creative thinking。If 引导的条件状语从句 if we depend heavily on the Internet for answers, we may lose not only the ability to solve problems but also the interest in study。 高级句式的应用提升了写作的档次,整个短文显示出了作者高水平的英语表达能力 江苏省高邮市 2018-2019 学年高二英语下学期期中试题 第二节 (满分 20 分) 86.请阅读下面短文,并按要求用英语写一篇 150 个词左右的英语短文。 Young Chinese parents embracing e-books for children Chinese children are spending more time reading digital books as young parents are increasingly open to the idea, research shows. The amount of time children under 9 spend reading e-books every day increased almost 20 percent to 24. 3 minutes between 2016 and 2017, according to a joint study by e-book company Kada Story and teaching consultancy TAL Education Group. A three-year study of 6, 030 parents found that almost 70 percent said they are willing to let their children use mobile phones and tablets, while 25 percent of those born in the 1990s or later said they let their children spend more than 40 minutes a day on mobile devices. Parents in first-tier cities are more likely to let their children use mobile devices, with children in Beijing spending almost 70 minutes a day using the gadgets. “Digital reading is an important skill for children to master in this age of information explosion, ” said Wang Jing, chief editor of Kada Story. However, not all parents want their children to read digitally. “I fear e-books will negatively affect my son’s attention span or expose him to inappropriate content, ” said Xie Wenfeng, mother of a 7-year-old boy in Shanghai. She said she believed books in print are better for the eyes and do not affect sleep. “I also worry about possible addiction to e-books.” she added. 【写作内容】 1.用约 30 个单词写出上文概要; 2.用约 120 个单词发表你的观点,内容包括: (1)支持或反对家长让孩子读电子书籍; (2)并用 2-3 个理由或论据支撑你的观点。 【写作要求】 1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文中的句子; 2. 文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3. 不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________ 【答案】支持: With more parents willing to let their children use mobile devices, the amount of time children spend reading e-books every day is increasing steadily. However, parents’ opinions vary on it. Personally, I’m in favor of it. Compared to books in print, e-books have more advantages. E-books can be accessed remotely and can therefore make a single purchase available in almost every place. Besides, e-books are much cheaper than books in print, and they can provide the same knowledge for our children. Furthermore, considering the environment and these new technologies that do not call for trees to be sacrificed for a good story, perhaps e-books are a good thing. Last but not least, children should be equipped with the basic ability of digital reading in this age of information explosion. Therefore, it’s safe to conclude that parents can help encourage children to read e-books. In the meantime, they may limit children’s screen time. 反对: With more parents willing to let their children use mobile devices, the amount of time children spend reading e-books every day is increasing steadily. However, parents’ opinions vary on it. Personally, I’m strongly against it. Though e-books have appeared for many years and the market is growing rapidly, books in print still occupy the first place. When compared with e-books, books in print have their natural advantages. Firstly, traditional reading helps children cultivate abstract thinking ability. By contrast, e-books look like a kind of fast food culture which lacks depth. Secondly, books in print can be kept for a long time if well taken care of. Thirdly, there being no need to scroll or click, children don’t suffer from screen glare while reading on the iPad is bad for our eyes. To conclude, nothing compares to the feel and smell of books in print. Letting children read them is a right choice. 【解析】 【分析】 本篇书面表达是读写任务,要求概述一篇说明文并发表自己的看法。 【详解】第 1 步:根据提示可知,本文要求概述一篇说明文并发表自己的看法:1. 请用 30 个单词概述上文主要内容。2. 请用 120 个词写出: (1) 支持或反对家长让孩子读电子书籍; (2)用 2-3 个理由或论据支撑你的观点。时态应为一般现在时。 第 2 步:根据写作要求,确定是支持还是反对家长让孩子读电子书籍,注意只用写一种观 点。根据自己的观点以及写作要求确定关键词(组)。例如如果你支持家长让孩子读电子书 籍,关键词可以有 in favor of(支持),have advantages(有优势),be much cheaper than(比 便宜得多),the age of information(信息时代)等。如果你反对家长让孩子读电子书籍,关 键词可以是 be strongly against it(强烈反对),traditional reading(传统阅读),lack depth(缺 乏深度)等。 第 3 步:根据提示及关键词(组)进行遣词造句,注意主谓一致和时态问题。 第 4 步:连句成文,注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接与过渡,书写一定要规范清 晰,保持卷面的整洁美观。 【点睛】两篇范文都是语言地道,语篇连贯,词数适当。 两篇范文中使用了一些高级词汇,比如 compare… to(把…..和….作比较),provide…for… (给…..提供……),be equipped with(配备有),occupy(占据),by contrast (相反的是), suffer from(遭受……)等。 范文中使用了较多高级句式。比如非谓语的应用:Compared to books in print, e-books have more advantages. E-books can be accessed remotely;定语从句的应用 By contrast, e-books look like a kind of fast food culture which lacks depth./ …considering the environment and these new technologies that do not call for trees to be sacrificed for a good story,;it 做形式主语 it’s safe to conclude that parents can help encourage children to read e-books.。 范文上下句转换自然流畅。考生可以通过仿写来提高自己的写作水平。 江苏省无锡市江阴四校 2018-2019 学年高二英语下学期期中试题 八、书面表达(本大题共 25 分) 81.阅读下面短文,然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 China’s Ministry of Public Security (MPS)(中国公安部) has urged police nationwide to strengthen checks and punishment on the motorists who do not give way to pedestrians. During the past three years, 3,898 people were killed in 14,000 accidents happened on crosswalks in China, 90 percent of which involved motorists failing to give way to pedestrians, according to the Traffic Management Bureau of the MPS. Traffic police should step up patrols and strengthen monitoring with surveillance cameras (摄像头)on streets, said the bureau, calling for tougher enforcement and serious punishment. For a safer environment for pedestrians traffic bureaus(交通局) nationwide will provide better traffic signs, install more traffic lights, and help build more underground passages or pedestrian bridges. Beijing traffic police on Thursday began enforcing a fine of 200 yuan ($29) for motorists who fail to give way to pedestrians on crosswalks. The violation will also result in a loss of three demerit points. When motorists loose all 12 points they must retake the driver’s license test. 【写作内容】 1. 用约 30 个单词写出上文概要; 2. 用约 120 个单词发表你的观点,内容包括: (1)分析要“礼让行人”的原因,(至少两点); (2)写出你的解决措施。 ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 【答案】China’s Ministry of Public Security (MPS) has urged police nationwide to strengthen checks and punishment on the motorists who do not give way to pedestrians as this illegal act has taken a lot of lives on crosswalks. As is known to us, the zebra crossing is the lifeline. However, it becomes the death line because of the dangerous driving. I think MPS’s urge is timely and in line with the interests of the masses. First, compared with cars, people are vulnerable groups in traffic, so ensuring the safety of pedestrians is the first priority. Second, giving way to pedestrians is the embodiment of social civilization. At last, I think giving way to pedestrians depends not only on punishment but also on the voluntary compliance of drivers, because it is the responsibility of every traffic participant to make sure everyone is safe on the road. I believe that with our joint efforts, our traffic will become safer and safer. 【解析】 【分析】 本篇书面表达是读写任务,要求写一个概要并发表自己的观点。 【详解】第 1 步:根据提示可知,本文要求写一个概要并发表自己的观点:用约 30 个单词 写出上文概要;2. 用约 120 个单词发表你的观点,内容包括:(1)分析要“礼让行人”的原 因,(至少两点);(2)写出你的解决措施。时态应为一般现在时。 第 2 步:根据写作要求,确定关键词(组),如;give way to (让路);pedestrians(行人), motorist(机动车驾驶员),punishment(惩罚),zebra crossing(斑马线),illegal(非法的), ensure(保证),safety(安全性),priority(优先考虑的事),embodiment(体现),vulnerable (弱势的)responsibility(责任),voluntary compliance(自愿服从、自觉)及 social civilization (社会文明)等。 第 3 步:根据提示及关键词(组)进行遣词造句,注意主谓一致和时态问题。 第 4 步:连句成文,注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接与过渡,书写一定要规范清 晰,保持卷面的整洁美观。 本文内容完整,层次分明,结构紧凑,表达准确。另外全文中没有中国式英语的句式,显 示了很高的驾驭英语的能力。 【点睛】范文语言地道,语篇连贯,词数适当。作者在范文中使用了较多高级词汇和句式, 高级词汇有 because of(由于),in line with(符合),the interests of the masses (大众的利益), compare with(与……相比),depend on(依靠)以及 make sure(确保),而且还使用了非 限定性定语从句“As is known to us, the zebra crossing is the lifeline.”,宾语从句“I believe that with our joint efforts, our traffic will become safer and safer.”及“I think MPS’s urge is timely and in line with the interests of the masses.”,状语从句“First, compared with cars, people are vulnerable groups in traffic, so ensuring the safety of pedestrians is the first priority.”,非谓语动 词“compared with cars, people are vulnerable groups in traffic”及“giving way to pedestrians is the embodiment of social civilization”,全文没有语法错误,上下句转换自然流畅。 江苏省沭阳县 2018-2019 学年高二英语下学期期中调研测试试题 第五部分: 书面表达(满分 25 分) Social practice has been more and more popular in schools. Senior school students are asked to enter society and get some ideas of it. Surely, social practice has many advantages. Firstly, social practice can offer students a chance to contact society and meet different kinds of people. In this way students can gain some precious social experience, which will be useful to their future career. Secondly, students can apply what they have learned in class to practical work, thus knowing themselves more clearly. Thirdly, social practice can bring them some financial reward and make them more independent of their family. However, some problems may arise if no correct guidance is made. For example, some students get overly interested in social practice and want to work full-time and earn more money, thus neglecting their studies. And some students are likely to get in touch with the dark side of society, which will affect their future values. In order to carry out social practice smoothly, students should first know their objective. They should put their studies in the first place and see social practice just as a useful supplement (补充), so they ought to try to strike a balance between social practice and their studies. 【写作内容】 1. 请以约 30 个词概括上文的内容; 2. 请以约 120 个词谈谈你对“社会实践”的看法,包括如下要点: (1) 谈谈社会实践的重要性; (2) 你或你朋友所经历过的一次社会实践; (3) 你认为如何协调好学习与社会实践的关系。 【写作要求】 可以用事例或者其他论述方法支持你的观点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不能直 接引用原文句子。 ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ 第五部分: 书面表达 (满分 25 分) Social practice enriches students’ social experience, put their knowledge into practice and rewards them with money. However, it may affect their studies. Therefore, students should balance their studies and social practice. Undoubtedly, social practice benefits students in many ways. Through social practice they learn what they can’t learn in class. Gradually they will become strong-willed, and enthusiastic in study and life. Two years ago, I organized a team of classmates to a Charity House where we told stories to the blind, drew beautiful pictures for the deaf. The visit made me realize helping others shouldn’t be only an empty talk and that life is worth cherishing. Of course, we must strike a balance between study and social practice. After all, senior school stage is a vital period for students to gain knowledge. Therefore, I strongly suggest we make full use of our spare time and holiday to participate in that. (150 words) 江苏省泰州市姜堰区 2018-2019 学年高二英语下学期期中试题 九、书面表达(满分 20 分) 阅读下列文字,按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。 When was the last time you had fun with your parents? Your parents are all busy during working days; during the weekends, you may want to hang out with them but they may have to work extra hours. This is not uncommon. In China, both of the parents have their jobs. Most of the parents try their best to offer their children comfortable circumstances, but they seldom have time to stay with their children. A recent survey done in the US found that more than half of American parents spend less than three hours having fun with their children each week. As the Daily Mail noted: Families are spending little quality time creating bonds and precious memories together during the week because of the demands of modern life. 【写作内容】 1.用约 30 个单词概述上述信息的主要内容; 2.简要分析父母陪伴孩子的时间越来越少的原因; 3.结合自己的经历,谈谈父母多陪伴孩子对其孩子的影响。 【写作要求】 1.作文中可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子。 2.作文中不得出现真实姓名和学校名称。 九、书面表达(满分 20 分) Nowadays, it is not uncommon that parents spend little time accompanying their children, which may result from the demands of modern life and some other reasons. There are many factors accounting for this phenomenon. First, in contemporary society parents are facing more stress from living and work than before, so they have to spend most of their time making money. In addition, parents today are more easily distracted by various electronic products when keeping their children company. Take my own experience for example. Once upon a time, I got into trouble in my studies. It was my parents’ company and comfort that had a great effect on my regaining self-confidence. Plain and peaceful as it was, this experience left an unforgettable impression on me, which is of great significance to my growth. To conclude, it’s vital for parents to spend more time with their children. However busy parents are, they should afford their time to accompany their children.(158)

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