高三英语复习人教新课标选修七单元话题阅读
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高三英语复习人教新课标选修七单元话题阅读

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时间:2021-04-09

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选修七单元话题阅读 Unit 1 The tech empowering disabled people in cities 语篇导读:电动爬楼轮椅、智能机械服、智能手杖——这些科技让残障人士的生活更美好。 Cities are difficult to live in for people with disabilities. Yet that could change as cities grow smarter. Assistive tech is playing a big role in the change. Here are three high-tech solutions making cities easier for people with disabilities. A wheelchair that can climb stairs Jose Di Felice, from Switzerland, was disabled in both legs and one arm after an accident three years ago. In a wheelchair, he realized that stairs were his biggest challenge. He looked for alternatives (替代品) and discovered Scewo. The start-up has built a wheelchair that can be controlled through a smartphone. It has special tracks for climbing stairs. A robotic exomuscle suit Zurich-based start-up MyoSwiss has developed a suit with a combination of robotics and textiles (纺织品). The robotic suit, weighing less than 5 kilograms, adds a layer of muscle that supports movements. It uses sensors (感应器) at the knee to detect movements the user wants to make and helps accordingly. The Myosuit has enabled two people with mobility limitations to take part in a marathon. Smart walking stick Another technology that could change the lives of blind people is a smart walking stick designed by engineers from Young Guru Academy in Turkey. The WeWalk stick has a sensor that detects barriers and warns the user. It can be paired with a smartphone. “These are all really exciting inventions that will make a huge difference to some people,” says Anna Lawson, the director of the Center for Disability Studies at the University of Leeds in the United Kingdom. “By making disabled people more visible (看得见的) then you contribute to understanding,” says Bryan Matthews, a lecturer at the Institute for Transport Studies at the University of Leeds. Unit 2 Robot fish 语篇导读: 韩国机器人企业 AIRO 推出了一款名为 MIRO 的生物模仿微型机器鱼,它在水 中畅游的时候,几乎能以假乱真。 Have you ever thought about keeping fish at home? It’s a long process and can be very expensive. Even after buying your fish, you cannot guarantee that the fish will live for very long. You really have to think long and hard before you start keeping pet fish. If you are put off by such a commitment, you may be interested in looking at a Korean company called AIRO. It was created by Mr Oh Yong-joo in 2014. He noticed that there were no robots in the water. He thought he had found an interesting market with lots of potential. Robot fish are called MIROs — Marine Intelligent Robots. The MIRO-9 is 53 centimetres (厘米) long; the MIRO-7 is 33 centimetres. The fish have skins which are designed using 3D technology. This means you can order your robot fish to look like any species or colour you want. Sensors (传感器) are also placed inside the head which make sure each MIRO does not swim into anything. MIROs can swim to about 50 metres in depth. When they were first displayed at an exhibition, people could not tell if they were real or not. MIROs are able to swim with real fish without any difficulty. Mr Oh thinks this is a great way of showing people that it is possible for living creatures to live with robots. Mr Oh is trying to start creating MIROs that look like extinct fish. Could this mean the end of real dolphin (海豚) shows? Ocean Park and Sea World should take note. MIROs certainly look beautiful, and they appear to be much easier to look after than the real fish you buy for your fish tank. They are not cheap though. It has been reported that smaller and less expensive MIROs will be developed in the future. When the price comes down, you may want to think about keeping these as your family pets. Unit 3 Right whales whisper to their babies 语篇导读: 鲸妈妈对它们的宝宝说“悄悄话”,保护它们不受捕食者的袭击。 At nearly 50 feet long, North Atlantic right whales are so large that most living things in the sea shouldn’t worry them — but that’s not the case for their babies. Newborn babies are vulnerable (易受伤的) to attacks by sharks. To keep them safe, a new study has found, right whales “whisper” to their young so they don’t attract any hungry predators (捕食者) nearby. Right whales typically communicate with one another using a rising sound that can last two seconds and travels very far. With their babies, however, they use a quieter, shorter sound that can only be heard in the immediate vicinity (附近). “They allow the mother and babies to stay in touch with each other without advertising their presence to potential predators in the area,” says Susan Parks, a biologist at Syracuse University. Understanding North Atlantic right whales is important for the survival of the endangered species. “Right whales face a number of challenges,” Parks says. “There are still many things we don’t know about their behaviors, and it is my hope that studies like this will help to protect them.” The North Atlantic right whale isn’t the only whispering whale. Researchers in Europe reported that they had discovered similar whispering in Southern right whales, a different species that lives in the oceans of the Southern Hemisphere (南半球). The softer calls, the researchers found, could only be heard about 1,000 feet away. In 2017, researchers also found that humpback whales have a special, quieter type of communication between mothers and babies. The existence of these quieter languages raises the possibility that human-made noise in the oceans, like the noise of ships, is doing more damage to sea animals than previously believed. A study has found that the whales change their diving and foraging (觅食) behavior in the presence of ship noise. Unit 4 Bus driver honored for helping homeless man 语篇导读:帮助无家可归的人,给他带去温暖和感动。 A Milwaukee bus driver was praised for the way she helped a homeless passenger get some needed assistance. Bus driver Natalie Barnes started talking with a passenger named Richard, who told her he had been homeless for a week. When he asked if he could ride along for the night to stay out of the cold, she agreed. “At some point in our lives, everybody needs help,” Barnes said. “I wanted to do what I could to help Richard in some way.” At one point during her shift ( 轮 班 ), she took a break at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and offered to get her passenger something to eat. Richard was touched by the gesture. “Now I don’t know what to say but to say thank you,” he said to Barnes and promised to pay her back somehow. She refused, saying, “I want to help you.” But one act of kindness wasn’t enough for Barnes. During another break, she reached out to a friend, who helped get Richard into a temporary shelter. Barnes and Richard became friends during that six-hour bus ride. Now he has her cellphone number, and they keep in touch. “We talk every couple of days and he thanks me every time he talks to me for helping him,” she said. “I’m happy to say that he’s progressing well.” Helping others comes as second nature to Barnes, who has received three commendations (嘉 奖 ) for outstanding service since being employed by the Milwaukee County Transit System (MCTS). She often takes food on the bus to share with people in need. Milwaukee County Executive Chris Abele praised Barnes in a ceremony. “Natalie’s kindness and respect for this man in need are what MCTS excellence is all about,” he said. “Natalie showed what we all need to do to fight homelessness: to look out for each other, to care for each other and to work together. I’m deeply grateful for Natalie’s actions.” Unit 5 A visit to Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre 语篇导读:位于泰晤士河南岸的莎士比亚环球剧院是英国戏剧艺术的中心。剧院主要由环球 剧场、环球教育和环球展览三个结构组成。 The Globe Theatre is situated on the south bank of the River Thames, about 200 metres from the original site of Shakespeare’s 1599 building. It is a faithful reconstruction of the open-air theatre where Shakespeare worked, and for which he wrote many of his greatest plays, such as Hamlet, Othello, and King Lear. Due to the fact that the theatre is open to the sky, the season is limited to only six months of the year, running from April to October. However, guided tours of the theatre are held all year round, and the neighbouring exhibition centre is also open to visitors. The theatre itself is circular in shape and the seated areas are in the lower, middle, and upper galleries. In addition to the seated galleries, there is an area in front of the stage called the Yard, where visitors can stand and watch the play. All seats are priced according to visibility (视野), so the best seats are in the middle of each of the three galleries and cost around €48. Ticket holders are advised to bear in mind that the roof and all the gallery seats are held up by pillars (支柱), so that from no seat is there a perfect view of the stage. There are 700 standing tickets for each performance priced at around €7.50. Public booking for each season opens in February. Tickets may be booked in person or by telephone at the theatre ticket office or online via See Tickets. The ticket office is open from 10.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. from Monday to Saturday. Before attending a performance at the Globe Theatre, visitors need to bear certain things in mind. As it is a sixteenth-century replica (复制 品), the theatre does not boast (拥有) any of the comforts of modern-day life and performances continue whatever the weather. Ticket holders should come prepared for heat or cold, rain or shine.

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