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六年级PEP英语单词拼读规则

来源:会员上传 日期:2009-08-17 14:56:27 作者:佚名
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一、元音字母重读音节中的读音

元音字母

读 音

例 词

a

在开音节中

[ei]

name plane Jane baby cake

在闭音节中

[æ]

bag dad hat map black back

e

在开音节中

[i:]

he these me Chinese

在闭音节中

[e]

bed let pen desk yes egg

i

在开音节中

[ai]

bike fly drive time nice kite

在闭音节中

[i]

fish big drink sit milk swim

o

在开音节中

[ou]

those close go hoe home no

在闭音节中

[ ]

clock not box shop sock

u

在开音节中

[ju:]

student excuse duty Tuesday

在闭音节中

[ ]

bus cup jump much lunch

开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j l r s后面时读[u:]音,例如:June blue ruler super

二、元音字母在非重读音节中的读音

元音字母

读 音

例 词

a

[ ]

China another woman breakfast

[i]

orange comrade village cabbage

e

[ ]

hundred student open weekend

[i]

chicken pocket begin children

i

[ ]/[i]

holiday beautiful family animal

[ai]

exercise satellite

o

[ ]

second tonight somebody welcome

[ u]

also zero photo

u

[ ]

autumn diffcult

[ju:]

popular congratulation January

动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a读[ei]音,例如:operate

u处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母j l r s后面时,读[u(:)]音,例如:July influence February issue

在非重读音节中,许多单词中的元音字母a e i 即可以读作[ ]音,也可以读作[i]音。

三、元音字母重读音节中的特殊读音

元音字母

读 音

例 词

a在[w]音后面

[ ]

want what watch wash quality

a在f n sk ph sp ss st th前

[α:]

after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father

i在-nd -ld和gh前

[ai]

find child light high

o在-st -ld前

[ou]

most postcard old cold

o在m n v th前

[ ]

come monkey love mother

四、-r音节元音字组重读音节中的读音

元音字组

读 音

例 词

ar
ar在[w]音后面

[α:]

car farm dark sharpener

[ :]

warm quarter towards

or
or在[w]音后面

[ :]

forty morning short

[ :]

word worker worse

er ir ur

[ :]

certainly bird Thursday

辅音字母r双写时,前面的元音字母不能与r构成-r音节,而是按重读闭音节的拼读规则发音。例如: carry sorry hurry

-r音节在非重读音节中通常读[ ]音,例如:dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday

五、-re音节元音字组重读音节中的读音

元音字组

读 音

例 词

are

]

care dare hare

ere

[i ]

here mere

ire

[ai ]

fire hire wire

ore

[ :]

more score before

ure

[ju ]

pure cure

  are ere ire ore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读[ ]音,例如:picture pleasure

  重读元音字母加Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按-re音节拼读规则拼读,字母Rr读[r]音。
例如:parent zero story during inspiring

  某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象。
例如:orange very American paragraph

六、元音字组重读音节中的读音

元音字组

读 音

例 词

ai/ay

[ei]

afraid rain wait day play

air

]

air hair chair pair repair

al

al在f m前

[ ]

small ball talk wall all

[ :l]

always also salt almost

[α:]

half calm

au/aw

[ :]

autumn daughter draw

ea

[i:]

teach easy cheap please

[e]

heavy bread sweater weather

[ei]

break great

ear

[i ]

hear dear near clear year

]

bear pear wear swear

[ :]

earth learn early

ee

[i:]

jeep week green three

eer

[i ]

pioneer deer beer

ei/ey

[ei]

eight neighbour they

[i:]

either key

eu/ew在
j l r s后

[ju:]

new few newspaper

[u:]

flew brew jewelry

ie/ei[s]音之后

[i:]

piece field receive

oa

[ou]

coat Joan boat goal

oar/oor

[ :]

roar board door floor

oi/oy

[ i]

noise point boy toilet

oo

[u:]

broom food tooth school

[u]

book look cook foot good

ou/ow

[au]

flower house count down

[ou]

know row throw though

[ ]

young country enough

[u:]

group you soup

our

[ :]

course your four

[au ]

our hour ours

[ :]

journey

ui
在j l r s后

[ju:i]

fluid suicide tuition

[u:]

juice fruit suit

七、非重读音节中元音字组字群的读音

元音字组字群

读 音

例 词

ai/ay ei/ey

[i]

Sunday foreign monkey

ow

[ou]

yellow sparrow tomorrow

元音字组在非重读音节中读[ ]音或[i]。
例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee

-sion -tion

[ n]

impression nation

-sion在元音字母后

[ n]

vision decision occasion

-tion在s后

[ n]

question suggestion

-sten

[sn]

listen

-stle

[sl]

whistle

-sure

[ ]

pleasure measure

-ture

[ ]

picture culture

八、元字组在复合词非重读音节中的读音

  复合词中的第二部分不标注重音符号,但其中的元音字母元音字组仍按重读音节拼读规则拼读。
例如:
  everyday[ei]
  handbag[æ]
  blackboard[ :]

  有些词随着语言的发展,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义,融合成为一个词。其中的非重读部分要按非重读音节的读音规则发音。
例如:
  sun太阳 + day[ei]日子 > Sunday[i] 星期天
  holy神圣 + day[ei]日子 > holiday[i] 假日
  break中断 + fast[α:]斋戒 > breakfast[ ] 早餐
  cup茶杯 + board木板[ :] > cupboard[ ] 碗柜

 

九、辅字组的读音

辅字组

读 音

例 词

b

[b]

bike bus bag

[/]

bomb tomb 

c
c在e前或在i/y前

[k]

cake picture coat music

[s]

face decide cinema

ch

[ ]

much chick rich teacher

[k]

school headache chemistry

[ ]

machine Chicago

-ck

[k]

cock pocket black knock

d

[d]

doctor bread hand day

-dge

[ ]

bridge fridge

dr-

[dr]

children driver drink

f

[f]

five four breakfast

g
g在e i/y前

[ ]

bag gardon go

[ ]

orange large German

gh

[f]

cough enough

[/]

light daughter high

gu- -gue
gu在非重读音节中

[ ]

guess league dialogue

[ w]

language anguish

h

[h]

hot head house hand

[/]

hour honest

j

[ ]

jeep jar joke join July

k

[k]

kind bike skate make week

kn-

[n]

knife know knock

l

[l]

life milk school tall

m

[m]

monkey come autumn

-mn

[m]

autumn column solemn

n
n在[k] [g]音前

[n]

not shine ten note

[ ]

uncle thank hungry

-ng

[ ]

morning young wrong

p

[p]

paper plane pig ship pen

ph

[f]

elephant photo telephone

q

[k]

Iraq

qu-

[kw]

quality quite

r

[r]

red rubber ruler

s在词首或清辅音前
元音字母间或浊辅音前

[s]

sit sleep desk

[z]

music husband

sc-

[sk]

scarlet

[s]

muscle science

sh

[ ]

she fish shirt wash

t在通常情况下
在弱读字母ia ie io前

[t]

ten letter meet

[ ]

patient nation

tch

[ ]

watch

th在通常情况下
在冠词 代词 介词 连词中
在词尾-the -ther中

[θ]

thin thirty method

[ ]

the these with than

[ ]

clothe father weather

tr-

[tr]

tree train country truck

v

[v]

very voice love leave

w

[w]

week win wake sweet wait

[/]

answer two

wh-
wh-在字母o前

[w]

what when white why

[h]

who whose whole

x
在重读元音前

[ks]

box text exercise

[gz]

examle exist exact

wr-

[r]

write

y-

[j]

yes yard yellow young

z

[z]

puzzle zero zoo

十、英语语音名词解释

1.音节 以元音为主体构成的发音单位,一般说来元音发音响亮,可以构成音节,辅音发音不响亮,不能单独构成音节([m] [n] [ ] [l]例外)。从单词拼写形式上看,有几个元字组就有几个音节。

2.音节的划分 ①在两个音节的相邻处有两个辅字组时,一个辅字组属于前面的音节,一个属于后面的音节。
例如:let-ter mem-ber chil-dren daugh-ter
②在两个音节的相邻处只有一个辅字组时,如果前面音节里的元音是长音辅字组属于后面一个音节,如果前面一个音节里的元音是短音,则辅字组属于前面一个音节。
例如:长音 pa-per stu-dent fa-ther ze-ro mo-tor far-ther
   短音 sev-en stud-y moth-er ver-y mod-le weath-er

3.重读音节 单词中读音特别响亮的音节。用音标标记双音节、多音节词的读音时,应使用重读符号。单音节词多数是重读音节,标记读音时不需要使用重读符号。

4.开音节 ①绝对开音节:单个元音字母后面没有辅字组的重读音节。例如:no blue ba-by stu-dent se-cret.
②相对开音节:单个元音字母后面加单个辅音字母,再加一个不发音字母e构成的重读音节。例如:name these bike home ex-cuse.

5.闭音节 单个元音字母后面有辅字组(r w y 除外)且以辅字组结尾的重读音节。例如:bag egg fish not cup

6.双音节词重读规则 双音节词的第一个音节通常是重读音节。
例如:´stu-dent ´Chi-na ´sec-ond ´au-tumn in-´deed
含有a- be- de- re- in- ex- 等前缀的双音节词往往是在第二个音节上重读。双音节词的重读位置不会因增加前缀或后缀而发生改变。例如:
a´bout be´fore ex´cuse re´pair for-´get-ful in-´ven-tor

7.多音节词重读规则 多音节词通常在倒数第三个音节重读。
例如:´el-e-phant con-grat-u-´la-tion
词尾有-ic 或-tion,-sion 的词,在-ic或-sion,-tion前的一个音节上重读。例如:scien´tific im´pression ´nation

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