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w.Tt z y w.Com2019届高三第二次模拟考试卷
Bike Share Toronto is the city’s official bike share program, designed to give locals and visitors a fun, affordable and convenient alternative to walking, taxis, buses and the subway. There are 200 Bike Share Toronto stations and 2,000 bikes across the city, making Bike Share the most accessible way to get around and explore.
How it works
●Become an Annual Member or buy a day Pass to access the system.
●Find an available bike nearby, and get a ride code or use your member key to unlock it.
●Take as many short rides as you want while your pass or membership is active.
●Return your bike to any station, and wait for the green light on the dock(停靠点)to make sure it’s locked.
Choose a plan
Day Pass: $7. Unlimited 30-minute rides in a 24-hour period.
3-Day Pass: $15. Unlimited 30-minute rides in a 72-hour period.
Monthly Pass: $25. Unlimited 30-minute rides for a month.
Annual Membership: $90. Unlimited 30-minute rides for a whole year. The Annual Membership is the best deal for locals of Toronto and other frequent riders.
The first 30 minutes of each ride is included with the membership or pass price. Avoid extra fees by dropping off your bike every 30 minutes at any other station. If you keep a bike out for longer than 30 minutes at a time, you will be charged an extra $1.50 for the first 30 minutes over, $4 for the next 30 minutes, and $7 for each additional 30 minutes after that.
●Customer Service: (855)898-2388
●Repair Service: (855)-2378
●Corporation Partners: (855)898-2398
●Employment Opportunities: (855)898-2498
21. How much will the extra fee be if you travel for two hours by bike?
A. $5.5. B. $9.5. C. $12.5. D. $15.5.
22. For more information about working at Bike Share Toronto, contact it at _________.
A. (855)898-2399 B. (855)898-2378
C. (855)8989-2398 D. (855) 898-2498
23. Which of the following statement is TRUE?
A. A member can get a code or a key to the bike.
B. Bike Share Toronto is a non-profit organization.
C. Shared bikes have taken the place of other vehicles.
D. The green light on the dock shows the bike is unlocked.
The summer before my dad died, we moved house. Up until that point, our family had our own space to spread out. Money was tight, so there was no television set, but we owned a turntable on which my dad’s records played constantly. Mostly, it played Bob Dylan. Tracks from The Basement Tapes and Desire became an important part of our new life. My brother and I, aged 8 and 10, climbed trees, built hideaways and learned the words of Clothes Line Saga. We would chant over and over, lost in our own joy.
It was January when my dad left us forever because of the cancer. He was 36 going on 37 then, the same age as Dylan. Afterwards, our laughter disappeared, but we kept on playing the records, which became our only ritual of remembrance. The two men became so intertwined in my head, I struggled to tell them apart.
Dylan was my dad’s gift to me. What child wouldn’t be fascinated by songs full of pirates and seasick sailors? How did it feel to have No direction home? Farewell, Angelina became my party-piece. I would sing this at church cheese and wines to the assembled audience. A lot of donations were made.
Growing up, I remained a fan of the music, but I wasn’t obsessed with Dylan until one day in early 1995, my brother bought us both tickets to see him play at Brixton Academy. London felt like a long way to go. But finally seeing Dylan step out onto the stage brought a sudden rush of excitement.
I have seen Dylan a couple of times since. My brother is not around so much these days. But he was up for a visit recently. We passed a happy evening laughing and drinking, while his son, aged nine, performed his party-piece Subterranean Homesick Blues for us. He sang it word-perfect. And so it goes on: Dylan’s music as a gift, passed down the generations.
24. What’s the author’s purposed of writing the passage?
A. To praise his late father. B. To tell about his family history.
C. To express his longing for family reunion. D. To show his love for Bob Dylan.
25. The underlined word “ritual” in the second paragraph means “________”.
A. passion B. ceremony C. memory D. belief
26. How did the author raise money in his childhood?
A. By singing a Dylan’s song at church gatherings.
B. By providing cheese and wines to church prayers.
C. By playing a private in church performances.
D. By accepting donations from the church.
27. The recent visit of the author’s brother indicates that ________.
A. his nephew was ever invited to play in Dylan’s concert
B. his brother has never seen a live performance of Dylan
C. Dylan’s music has influenced three generations of his family
D. Subterranean Homesick Blues is always his favourite song
Work started this week on next season’s flu vaccine (疫苗), with experts working off forecasts about which types of the flu virus will be making the rounds. But don’t expect any improvements. Flu experts are already admitting that most vaccines will give at best basic protection, because they’re based on old-fashioned technology. It’s not a new problem, but one that the slow-moving world of drug and vaccine production seems helpless to improve upon.
Every flu vaccine is a cocktail, aimed at either three or four of the most common flu types. Flu vaccines must be reformulated every year, because flu viruses develop constantly in a process called antigenic drift. In February, global flu experts gather to trade notes on what viruses are circulating in different countries and to come to an agreement on which types the next vaccines should be formulated to target.
In recent years, flu vaccines have been based on H1N1, H3N2 and either one or two types of influenza B virus. Each of these has a “reference” type, which is used to make seed virus. Producers inject the seed types into eggs and incubate (孵) them as the virus grows. Then they purify the virus, and either weaken it or kill it to make a vaccine.
Using eggs is a tricky and unpredictable process. Sometimes the virus doesn’t grow well in eggs, which can mean less vaccine than expected. The result is a flu vaccine that doesn’t offer much protection. “As long as we have eggs we are going to have this problem,” said Scott Hensley, a flu virus expert, “The only solution is not to depend on eggs.”
Flu is a major killer. The 2017-2018 season has been a severe one, hitting the entire U.S. with widespread influenza infection (传染) at once for weeks on end, and killing 97 children so far. Against this threat, even a less satisfying flu vaccine will definitely help. “Even when you have these mismatches it will not prevent infection but likely prevent disease severity,” said Hensley.
28. Why does next season flu vaccine fail to improve?
A. It has offered the best protection.
B. Experts can’t forecast the flu types.
C. It is based on outdated technology.
D. Experts are unwilling to respond to changes.
29. According to Paragraph 2, what do flu experts do in February?
A. Exchange views on the virus types next season.
B. Get together and make a deal on vaccines.
C. Sign an agreement on vaccine production.
D. Decide on how to circulate the viruses.
30. What might be the risk of using eggs to make vaccines?
A. Seeds are less likely to get protection.
B. Viruses might not be developed as expected.
C. There are not enough eggs to be used.
D. Whether vaccines will grow is hard to predict.
31. What message does the underlined sentence convey?
A. The U.S. is faced with serious flu attacks.
B. Egg-based vaccines are better than nothing.
C. There is something wrong with flu vaccines.
D. Flu vaccines can stop the disease spreading.
If you’re a book lover, you have a pile of books on your bedside, or a bookshelf in your library with a “to read” sign on it. Yet you can’t stop yourself from adding to the pile. This can lead to feelings of guilt over your new purchases. But I’m here to tell you to stop worrying.
What you have is an antilibrary, and it’s a very good thing. The term comes from writer Umberto Eco. He is the owner of a large personal library. He separates visitors into two groups: those who react with “Wow! What a library you have! How many of these books have you read?” and the others who get the point that a private library is not something to show off but a research tool. Read books are far less valuable than unread ones. Indeed, the more you know, the larger the rows of unread books. Let us call this collection an antilibrary.
If you think you already know everything about a subject, you’re cutting yourself off from a stream of information at an artificial point. So a growing library of books you haven’t read means you’re consistently curious about the unknown. And that attitude is a great foundation for a lifelong love of learning.
So don’t feel guilt over your unread books. Those books will be there for you when you do want them, and as you build your library of read and unread books, you can start using it as you would use a bigger library. Certain books may become references more than read-throughs. Or you may find that a book you bought five years ago has special relevance today. Letting the role of books evolve in your life is a healthy sign of curiosity. That’s good for you and good for the world around you.
32. What does the underlined word “antilibrary” in Paragraph 2 refer to?
A. Feelings of guilt over new books．
B. A pile of books on the bookshelf．
C. The collection of unread books．
D. A large personal library．
33. According to the author, more unread books mean________．
A. your wrong lifelong learning attitude
B. you limit yourself from the unknown
C. you have no interest in the new world
D. your strong desire about new information
34. What’s the author’s attitude towards having an antilibrary?
A. Favorable B. Doubtful C. Ambiguous D. Contradictory
35. What can we know from the last paragraph?
A. Curiosity is a sign of high IQ．
B. Books are the ladder in our life．
C. Unread books are surely relevant to the present．
D. We should read through every book．
第二节（共5 小题；每小题2分，满分10 分）
Alcohol addiction is harmful. It may ruin your life, family and career. Here are some ideas to help people stop drinking.
1. First Step
The first step to stop drinking is to know why you want to stop drinking. Make a list of reasons to stop drinking alcohol. ___36___It would be better to display it in several places like on your fridge door and in your handbag to increase chances of seeing it.
2. Reduce Drinking Alcohol Gradually
If you’re a heavy drinker for a long time, it may not be possible for you to put a full stop to drinking within one day. _____37__In addition, fix a date for a final complete stop.
3. Talk To Your Doctor
Alcohol addiction is a disease, and may have caused a few chemical changes in your body system. It might have affected your important organs such as liver, heart, kidney, and so on. ___38___
4. Join Support Groups
There are many support groups like Alcoholics Anonymous and AVERT. ____39___ They provide practical tips and suggestions based on their own experience.
5. Learn To Say a Firm NO
Friends at drinking clubs may invite you to drink with reasons. ___40___ You should learn to stay active by developing new hobbies and interests and spending that alcohol drinking time with your family and friends.
A. Turn down their invitations with polite yet firm Nos.
B. Alcohol can influence people’s health and how they act.
C. You can also look for a friend’s help to complete the list.
D. Usually, therefore, you need expert medical help for treatment.
E. The very best choice might be to drink less and then stop drinking gradually.
F. For example, people may drink to deal with problems like boredom, stress, or money troubles.
G. Their membership consists of previous alcohol addicts who have successfully given up their addiction.
Last summer, my parents sold our minivan and bought a Dodge Dart. They thought it was “necessary” to ___41___ a smaller vehicle.
This decision affected me greatly because the new car had a manual transmission (手动变速)___42___ I only knew how to drive automatic.
But this summer was supposed to be ____43____, seeing as it was my first summer with my G2 driver’s ____44____. In Ontario, having a G2 means you are able to drive without the supervision (监督) of a (an)____45___.
After the long hours I’d spent learning to drive the car, it felt even ___46___ to drive it around on my own. I felt a new-found sense of maturity and ____47____ that I really enjoyed. I would drive everywhere, ____48____ when I probably didn’t need to.
So, ____49____, when my mom asked me to ____50____ some groceries from the local store I decided to ___51___ instead of walk. While turning into the open spot in the store’s parking lot, I somehow scratched the car beside me. When I got out to ____52____ the damage, a bystander ran up warning me to contact the owner of the car I had scratched, or she would tell her husband, who was “a cop”.
Shocked and at a loss for words, I managed to find a piece of paper to write my ____53____ number on and put it on the ___54___ car’s window.
I was really ____55___when I got home, because not only had I managed to ___56___ our own new car, I’d also damaged another person’s car.
When the owner called me, she was very aggressive and ____57____. Though I hadn’t hit her car on purpose, I finally said it would probably be better if she ____58____ back and talked to my parents. When it was all settled, the total ____59___ were around $2,000.
From this matter, I learned that as I got older I would get many new ____60___, but they will also come with more responsibility.
41. A. design B. equip C. decorate D. purchase
42. A. when B. while C. though D. unless
43. A. disappointing B. amazing C. boring D. relaxing
44. A. license B. right C. permission D. duty
45. A. adult B. parent C. teacher D. policeman
46. A. worse B. harder C. better D. easier
47. A. direction B. responsibility C. humor D. pride
48. A. especially B. even C. only D. just
49. A. naturally B. obviously C. strangely D. gradually
50. A. bring up B. take up C. pick up D. clear up
51. A. jog B. ride C. run D. drive
52. A. search B. check C. repair D. do
53. A. phone B. car C. account D. house
54. A. trapped B. parked C. lost D. damaged
55. A. embarrassed B. anxious C. upset D. amazed
56. A. scratch B. drive C. operate D. repair
57. A. reliable B. desperate C. reasonable D. angry
58. A. kept B. called C. came D. paid
59. A. repairs B. refunds C. taxes D. prices
60. A. ambitions B. chances C. privileges D. friends
China’s icebreaker Xue Long will set sail from Shanghai to the Antarctic. Its captain Zhu Bing said that the icebreaker would first travel to the to-be-built new station before 61 (make) a short stop at Zhongshan station. One of its main tasks is to build another research station in the Antarctic.
Once 62 (complete), the new station would be the country’s third year-round station in the Antarctic and the first to be lying 63 the border of the Pacific Ocean. 64 other two stations, the Great Wall Station and the Zhongshan Station, 65 (build) in the 1980s. “This time around, we will build a 206-square-meter temporary base, which includes rooms for workers and a platform for large engineering 66 (machine), to improve future construction work,” said Zhang Tijun of the Polar Research Institute of China, 67 is the assistant leader of the expedition.
Sun Bo, the deputy director of the Institute of China, was 68 (confidence) to say that the construction of the station, which will 69 (definite) meet international criteria for environmental ___70 (protect), will be finished as early as 2022.
Last month our school held a Reading Week, which aim was to encourage the students to read wide. During the week, book lovers recommended a plenty of good books suitable for high school students. In addition, two famous writers are invited to give lectures on how to understand and appreciate literary work. The poetry reading contest was another amazed activity for the students to bring his talent into full play. All the contestants took turns read their favorite poems to the audience. We all find the Reading Week very benefit. It has not only enriched our school life, and helped us form the habit of reading.
注意： 1. 总词数100左右；
I am so delighted to have received your letter. ______________________________________________
英 语 答 案（三）
21-23 CDA 24-27 DBAC 28-31 CABB 32-35 CDAB
第二节 （共5小题；每小题2 分，满分10分)
41-45 DBBAA 46-50 CDBAC 51-55 DBADC 56-60 ADBAC
61. making 62. completed 63. on 64. The 65. were built
66. machines 67. who 68. confident 69. definitely 70. protection
I’m so delighted to have received your letter. These days, I spend almost all of my time studying for the College Entrance Exam. I study from morning until midnight, taking many practice exams. I really look forward to the upcoming summer after the exam, when I plan to travel with my friends, enjoying ourselves without worrying about the exam any longer.
It’s a pity that I can’t come to America this summer, as I must prepare for university. Instead I would like to invite you to come to China to visit me! You can taste delicious Chinese food, visit many interesting places, and meet my friends and family. I hope you will consider travelling to China. Please let me know what you think about this plan and your earliest reply will be much appreciated.
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