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2019届高三英语二模试卷(带答案吉林白城四中)

时间:2019-03-14 14:19:07作者:试题来源:网络
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w.Tt z y w.Com2019届高三第二次模拟考试
英   语(三)
注意事项:
1.答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。
2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
3.非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
4.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。
第一部分  听力(略)
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Bike Share Toronto is the city’s official bike share program, designed to give locals and visitors a fun, affordable and convenient alternative to walking, taxis, buses and the subway. There are 200 Bike Share Toronto stations and 2,000 bikes across the city, making Bike Share the most accessible way to get around and explore.
How it works
●Become an Annual Member or buy a day Pass to access the system.
●Find an available bike nearby, and get a ride code or use your member key to unlock it.
●Take as many short rides as you want while your pass or membership is active.
●Return your bike to any station, and wait for the green light on the dock(停靠点)to make sure it’s locked.
Choose a plan
●For visitors
Day Pass: $7. Unlimited 30-minute rides in a 24-hour period.
3-Day Pass: $15. Unlimited 30-minute rides in a 72-hour period.
●For locals
Monthly Pass: $25. Unlimited 30-minute rides for a month.
Annual Membership: $90. Unlimited 30-minute rides for a whole year. The Annual Membership is the best deal for locals of Toronto and other frequent riders.
The first 30 minutes of each ride is included with the membership or pass price. Avoid extra fees by dropping off your bike every 30 minutes at any other station. If you keep a bike out for longer than 30 minutes at a time, you will be charged an extra $1.50 for the first 30 minutes over, $4 for the next 30 minutes, and $7 for each additional 30 minutes after that.
Contact us
●Customer Service: (855)898-2388
●Repair Service: (855)-2378
●Corporation Partners: (855)898-2398
●Employment Opportunities: (855)898-2498
21. How much will the extra fee be if you travel for two hours by bike?
A. $5.5.                B. $9.5.              C. $12.5.                D. $15.5.
22. For more information about working at Bike Share Toronto, contact it at _________.
A. (855)898-2399                            B. (855)898-2378
C. (855)8989-2398                            D. (855) 898-2498
23. Which of the following statement is TRUE?
A. A member can get a code or a key to the bike.
B. Bike Share Toronto is a non-profit organization.
C. Shared bikes have taken the place of other vehicles.
D. The green light on the dock shows the bike is unlocked.
B
The summer before my dad died, we moved house. Up until that point, our family had our own space to spread out. Money was tight, so there was no television set, but we owned a turntable on which my dad’s records played constantly. Mostly, it played Bob Dylan. Tracks from The Basement Tapes and Desire became an important part of our new life. My brother and I, aged 8 and 10, climbed trees, built hideaways and learned the words of Clothes Line Saga. We would chant over and over, lost in our own joy.
It was January when my dad left us forever because of the cancer. He was 36 going on 37 then, the same age as Dylan. Afterwards, our laughter disappeared, but we kept on playing the records, which became our only ritual of remembrance. The two men became so intertwined in my head, I struggled to tell them apart.
Dylan was my dad’s gift to me. What child wouldn’t be fascinated by songs full of pirates and seasick sailors? How did it feel to have No direction home? Farewell, Angelina became my party-piece. I would sing this at church cheese and wines to the assembled audience. A lot of donations were made.
Growing up, I remained a fan of the music, but I wasn’t obsessed with Dylan until one day in early 1995, my brother bought us both tickets to see him play at Brixton Academy. London felt like a long way to go. But finally seeing Dylan step out onto the stage brought a sudden rush of excitement.
I have seen Dylan a couple of times since. My brother is not around so much these days. But he was up for a visit recently. We passed a happy evening laughing and drinking, while his son, aged nine, performed his party-piece Subterranean Homesick Blues for us. He sang it word-perfect. And so it goes on: Dylan’s music as a gift, passed down the generations.
24. What’s the author’s purposed of writing the passage?
A. To praise his late father.                    B. To tell about his family history.
C. To express his longing for family reunion.        D. To show his love for Bob Dylan.
25. The underlined word “ritual” in the second paragraph means “________”.
A. passion                B. ceremony            C. memory            D. belief
26. How did the author raise money in his childhood?
A. By singing a Dylan’s song at church gatherings.
B. By providing cheese and wines to church prayers.
C. By playing a private in church performances.
D. By accepting donations from the church.
27. The recent visit of the author’s brother indicates that ________.
A. his nephew was ever invited to play in Dylan’s concert
B. his brother has never seen a live performance of Dylan
C. Dylan’s music has influenced three generations of his family
D. Subterranean Homesick Blues is always his favourite song
C
Work started this week on next season’s flu vaccine (疫苗), with experts working off forecasts about which types of the flu virus will be making the rounds. But don’t expect any improvements. Flu experts are already admitting that most vaccines will give at best basic protection, because they’re based on old-fashioned technology. It’s not a new problem, but one that the slow-moving world of drug and vaccine production seems helpless to improve upon.
Every flu vaccine is a cocktail, aimed at either three or four of the most common flu types. Flu vaccines must be reformulated every year, because flu viruses develop constantly in a process called antigenic drift. In February, global flu experts gather to trade notes on what viruses are circulating in different countries and to come to an agreement on which types the next vaccines should be formulated to target.
In recent years, flu vaccines have been based on H1N1, H3N2 and either one or two types of influenza B virus. Each of these has a “reference” type, which is used to make seed virus. Producers inject the seed types into eggs and incubate (孵) them as the virus grows. Then they purify the virus, and either weaken it or kill it to make a vaccine.
Using eggs is a tricky and unpredictable process. Sometimes the virus doesn’t grow well in eggs, which can mean less vaccine than expected. The result is a flu vaccine that doesn’t offer much protection. “As long as we have eggs we are going to have this problem,” said Scott Hensley, a flu virus expert, “The only solution is not to depend on eggs.”
Flu is a major killer. The 2017-2018 season has been a severe one, hitting the entire U.S. with widespread influenza infection (传染) at once for weeks on end, and killing 97 children so far. Against this threat, even a less satisfying flu vaccine will definitely help. “Even when you have these mismatches it will not prevent infection but likely prevent disease severity,” said Hensley.
28. Why does next season flu vaccine fail to improve?
A. It has offered the best protection.
B. Experts can’t forecast the flu types.
C. It is based on outdated technology.
D. Experts are unwilling to respond to changes.
29. According to Paragraph 2, what do flu experts do in February?
A. Exchange views on the virus types next season.
B. Get together and make a deal on vaccines.
C. Sign an agreement on vaccine production.
D. Decide on how to circulate the viruses.
30. What might be the risk of using eggs to make vaccines?
A. Seeds are less likely to get protection.
B. Viruses might not be developed as expected.
C. There are not enough eggs to be used.
D. Whether vaccines will grow is hard to predict.
31. What message does the underlined sentence convey?
A. The U.S. is faced with serious flu attacks.
B. Egg-based vaccines are better than nothing.
C. There is something wrong with flu vaccines.
D. Flu vaccines can stop the disease spreading.
D
If you’re a book lover, you have a pile of books on your bedside, or a bookshelf in your library with a “to read” sign on it. Yet you can’t stop yourself from adding to the pile. This can lead to feelings of guilt over your new purchases. But I’m here to tell you to stop worrying.
What you have is an antilibrary, and it’s a very good thing. The term comes from writer Umberto Eco. He is the owner of a large personal library. He separates visitors into two groups: those who react with “Wow! What a library you have! How many of these books have you read?” and the others who get the point that a private library is not something to show off but a research tool. Read books are far less valuable than unread ones. Indeed, the more you know, the larger the rows of unread books. Let us call this collection an antilibrary.
If you think you already know everything about a subject, you’re cutting yourself off from a stream of information at an artificial point. So a growing library of books you haven’t read means you’re consistently curious about the unknown. And that attitude is a great foundation for a lifelong love of learning.
So don’t feel guilt over your unread books. Those books will be there for you when you do want them, and as you build your library of read and unread books, you can start using it as you would use a bigger library. Certain books may become references more than read-throughs. Or you may find that a book you bought five years ago has special relevance today. Letting the role of books evolve in your life is a healthy sign of curiosity. That’s good for you and good for the world around you.
32. What does the underlined word “antilibrary” in Paragraph 2 refer to?
A. Feelings of guilt over new books.
B. A pile of books on the bookshelf.
C. The collection of unread books.
D. A large personal library.
33. According to the author, more unread books mean________.
A. your wrong lifelong learning attitude
B. you limit yourself from the unknown
C. you have no interest in the new world
D. your strong desire about new information
34. What’s the author’s attitude towards having an antilibrary?
A. Favorable            B. Doubtful            C. Ambiguous            D. Contradictory
35. What can we know from the last paragraph?
A. Curiosity is a sign of high IQ.
B. Books are the ladder in our life.
C. Unread books are surely relevant to the present.
D. We should read through every book.
第二节(共5 小题;每小题2分,满分10 分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Alcohol addiction is harmful. It may ruin your life, family and career. Here are some ideas to help people stop drinking.
1. First Step
The first step to stop drinking is to know why you want to stop drinking. Make a list of reasons to stop drinking alcohol. ___36___It would be better to display it in several places like on your fridge door and in your handbag to increase chances of seeing it.
2. Reduce Drinking Alcohol Gradually
If you’re a heavy drinker for a long time, it may not be possible for you to put a full stop to drinking within one day. _____37__In addition, fix a date for a final complete stop.
3. Talk To Your Doctor
Alcohol addiction is a disease, and may have caused a few chemical changes in your body system. It might have affected your important organs such as liver, heart, kidney, and so on. ___38___
4. Join Support Groups
There are many support groups like Alcoholics Anonymous and AVERT. ____39___ They provide practical tips and suggestions based on their own experience.
5. Learn To Say a Firm NO
Friends at drinking clubs may invite you to drink with reasons. ___40___ You should learn to stay active by developing new hobbies and interests and spending that alcohol drinking time with your family and friends.
A. Turn down their invitations with polite yet firm Nos.
B. Alcohol can influence people’s health and how they act.
C. You can also look for a friend’s help to complete the list.
D. Usually, therefore, you need expert medical help for treatment.
E. The very best choice might be to drink less and then stop drinking gradually.
F. For example, people may drink to deal with problems like boredom, stress, or money troubles.
G. Their membership consists of previous alcohol addicts who have successfully given up their addiction.
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Last summer, my parents sold our minivan and bought a Dodge Dart. They thought it was “necessary” to ___41___ a smaller vehicle.
This decision affected me greatly because the new car had a manual transmission (手动变速)___42___ I only knew how to drive automatic.
But this summer was supposed to be ____43____, seeing as it was my first summer with my G2 driver’s ____44____. In Ontario, having a G2 means you are able to drive without the supervision (监督) of a (an)____45___.
After the long hours I’d spent learning to drive the car, it felt even ___46___ to drive it around on my own. I felt a new-found sense of maturity and ____47____ that I really enjoyed. I would drive everywhere, ____48____ when I probably didn’t need to.
So, ____49____, when my mom asked me to ____50____ some groceries from the local store I decided to ___51___ instead of walk. While turning into the open spot in the store’s parking lot, I somehow scratched the car beside me. When I got out to ____52____ the damage, a bystander ran up warning me to contact the owner of the car I had scratched, or she would tell her husband, who was “a cop”.
Shocked and at a loss for words, I managed to find a piece of paper to write my ____53____ number on and put it on the ___54___ car’s window.
I was really ____55___when I got home, because not only had I managed to ___56___ our own new car, I’d also damaged another person’s car.
When the owner called me, she was very aggressive and ____57____. Though I hadn’t hit her car on purpose, I finally said it would probably be better if she ____58____ back and talked to my parents. When it was all settled, the total ____59___ were around $2,000.
From this matter, I learned that as I got older I would get many new ____60___, but they will also come with more responsibility.
41. A. design     B. equip    C. decorate    D. purchase
42. A. when    B. while    C. though    D. unless
43. A. disappointing    B. amazing    C. boring    D. relaxing
44. A. license    B. right    C. permission    D. duty
45. A. adult    B. parent    C. teacher    D. policeman
46. A. worse    B. harder    C. better    D. easier
47. A. direction    B. responsibility    C. humor    D. pride
48. A. especially    B. even    C. only    D. just
49. A. naturally    B. obviously    C. strangely    D. gradually
50. A. bring up    B. take up    C. pick up    D. clear up
51. A. jog    B. ride    C. run    D. drive
52. A. search    B. check    C. repair    D. do
53. A. phone    B. car    C. account    D. house
54. A. trapped    B. parked    C. lost    D. damaged
55. A. embarrassed    B. anxious    C. upset    D. amazed
56. A. scratch    B. drive    C. operate    D. repair
57. A. reliable    B. desperate    C. reasonable    D. angry
58. A. kept     B. called    C. came    D. paid
59. A. repairs    B. refunds    C. taxes    D. prices
60. A. ambitions    B. chances    C. privileges    D. friends
第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
China’s icebreaker Xue Long will set sail from Shanghai to the Antarctic. Its captain Zhu Bing said that the icebreaker would first travel to the to-be-built new station before    61   (make) a short stop at Zhongshan station. One of its main tasks is to build another research station in the Antarctic.
Once    62    (complete), the new station would be the country’s third year-round station in the Antarctic and the first to be lying    63    the border of the Pacific Ocean.   64    other two stations, the Great Wall Station and the Zhongshan Station,    65    (build) in the 1980s. “This time around, we will build a 206-square-meter temporary base, which includes rooms for workers and a platform for large engineering    66    (machine), to improve future construction work,” said Zhang Tijun of the Polar Research Institute of China,    67    is the assistant leader of the expedition.
Sun Bo, the deputy director of the Institute of China, was    68    (confidence) to say that the construction of the station, which will    69    (definite) meet international criteria for environmental    ___70    (protect), will be finished as early as 2022.
第四部分 写作(共两节;满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/\),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
      2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Last month our school held a Reading Week, which aim was to encourage the students to read wide. During the week, book lovers recommended a plenty of good books suitable for high school students. In addition, two famous writers are invited to give lectures on how to understand and appreciate literary work. The poetry reading contest was another amazed activity for the students to bring his talent into full play. All the contestants took turns read their favorite poems to the audience. We all find the Reading Week very benefit. It has not only enriched our school life, and helped us form the habit of reading.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,你的美国朋友Daniel写信给你,想了解你最近对高考准备的情况, 并询问你高考之后的打算,问你是否有意在暑假间去美国旅行。请你给他回信,并对他的问题一一作答。
注意:    1. 总词数100左右;
        2. 信中不能透露任何个人信息;
        3. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
        4. 信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Daniel,
I am so delighted to have received your letter. ______________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
Yours,
Li Hua

 
2019届高三第二次模拟考试卷
英 语 答 案(三)
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
 略
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
21-23 CDA        24-27 DBAC        28-31 CABB        32-35 CDAB
第二节 (共5小题;每小题2 分,满分10分)
36-40 CEDGA
第三部分  语言运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
41-45 DBBAA    46-50 CDBAC    51-55 DBADC    56-60 ADBAC
第二节  (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
61. making          62. completed       63. on       64. The           65. were built
66. machines     67. who            68. confident     69. definitely       70. protection
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
1. which改为whose
2. wide改为widely
3. 删除a
4. are改为were
5. work给为works
6. amazed改为amazing
7. his改为their
8. turns后加to
9. benefit改为beneficial
10. and改为but
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

Dear Daniel,
I’m so delighted to have received your letter. These days, I spend almost all of my time studying for the College Entrance Exam. I study from morning until midnight, taking many practice exams. I really look forward to the upcoming summer after the exam, when I plan to travel with my friends, enjoying ourselves without worrying about the exam any longer.
It’s a pity that I can’t come to America this summer, as I must prepare for university. Instead I would like to invite you to come to China to visit me! You can taste delicious Chinese food, visit many interesting places, and meet my friends and family. I hope you will consider travelling to China. Please let me know what you think about this plan and your earliest reply will be much appreciated.
Yours,
Li Hua






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