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江西吉安市2019届高三英语上学期联考试题(带答案)

时间:2018-12-27 17:35:54作者:试题来源:网络
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章 来 源天 添
资 源网 wW w.tt z y W.CoM 吉安市2019届五校联考
英 语 试 卷
               命题学校:新干二中   时间  120分钟   总分 150分
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What will the woman do about the dress?
  A. She’ll change it.    B. She’ll buy it.    C. She’ll return it.
2. What are the speakers talking about? 
  A. Buying DVDs.     B. Sharing DVDs.  C. Borrowing DVDs.
3. What did the woman think of Dana’s speech? 
  A. Well-prepared.   B. Important.    C. Boring. 
4. What does the man mean?
  A. He refuses to pay for boxes.  B. He will carry the boxes later. 
C. He is unable to give help.
5. When is Simon supposed to arrive?
  A. 7:30.     B. 8:10.    C. 8:00.
第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
    听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各个小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答第6和第7题。
6. Where do the speakers plan to go? 
  A. The woman’s home.  B. A library. C. A museum.
7. Why does the woman want to go on Saturday afternoon? 
  A. To enjoy nice weather.  
B. To avoid the crowd. 
C. To sleep late in the morning.
听下面一段对话,回答第8至第10题。
8. Why did the man borrow the woman’s computer last time? 
  A. His computer was broken.
B. He needed it for his paper. 
C. He used it for his computer class.
9. Why does the woman feel happy? 
  A. The man can lend her a computer now. 
B. The man will study better.
  C. The man will use his own computer.
10. What has the man been doing with his new computer? 
   A. Doing homework.    B. Watching DVDs.  C. Searching for information.
听下面一段对话,回答第11至第13题。
11. Where did Tom get the idea of becoming a businessman? 
A. From his college friends.  
B. From his high school teachers.    
C. From the grown-ups around him.
12. How much does Tom own of the company he works for? 
   A. 6%.     B. 18%.     C. 60%.
13. What mistake did Tom and his company make in the past? 
A. Making all the products themselves.   
B. Wasting lots of materials.    
C. Producing simple things.
听下面一段对话,回答第14至第17题。
14. What kind of jobs seems to be in short supply? 
   A. Writers.                   B. School teachers.    C. Newspaper reporters.
15. Where is Sharon most likely to go? 
   A. California.    B. Boston.   C. New York. 
 16. What does James plan to do if he can’t find a job? 
   A. Start a newspaper.  B. Continue his education.    C. Write a book.
17. Who are the speakers? 
   A. Fellow students.    B. Laid-off workers.  C. High school teachers.
听下面一段独白,回答第18至第20题。
18. Why does the university offer the two programs? 
   A. To keep students safe walking late or alone.  
B. To provide better health care for students.
   C. To help visitors tour around the college.
19. When can students call Campus Safety Office? 
   A. From 7 p.m. to 7 a.m.     B. Anytime of the day.      C. From midnight to 7 a.m.
20. To whom is the speaker mainly talking? 
   A. Tourists at the college.  B. New teachers.         C. Parents of students.
第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15个小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
   阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A              
We would like to wish all our readers a wonderful winter break. Our January magazine is now in the shops and available digitally. We’re looking forward to sharing more adventures and discoveries with you in 2018,including:
At a crossroads in the Atlantic
As the population of Ascension Island rises up to mark the 200th anniversary of British rule, Fred Pearce wonders what the future might have in store for this strange part of land.
Photostory: On the road again
A selection of images from an exhibition opening this month at the Royal Geographical Society go hand in hand with M. Aurel Stein’s early 20th century photographs of the Silk Road.
Dossier: Going underground
Mark Rowe discusses the role that carbon storage can play in the global effort to reduce carbon dioxide emission (排放).
Net loss
Kit Gillet reports from the Gulf of Thailand, whose fisheries (渔场) have been almost destroyed by the commercialization of the Thai fishing industry.
And don’t forget...
...a round-up of the latest geographical and climate science news; a hot spot focus on Turkey; advice on taking photographs in Antarctica; an interview with Lucien Castaing-Taylor, professor of visual arts at Harvard; plus lots, lots more...
Buy your copy now, click here and save up to 35% or call+44 (0)1635 588 496.Geographical is also available in WHSmith and many independent news agents.
21. If you want to read something about global warming, you can read    .
A. Dossier: Going underground
B. Photostory: On the road again
C. At a crossroads in the Atlantic
D. Net loss
22. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. Ascension Island has a bright future with more population.
B. Commercialization contributes to the loss of fishery in Thai.
C. The January edition of 2014 is to come out in the winter break.
D. The topics of this magazine focus on geography and interviews.
23.The passage is written to    .
A. attract readers to buy the magazine
B. give advice on taking photos
C. share adventures and discoveries
D. introduce the content of the magazine
                                        B
With all the wars, fighting and sadness in the world today, it's not only necessary, but also essential to have a good sense of humor just to help us get through each and every day of our lives. Putting a smile on someone's face when you know they are feeling down in the dump, makes me feel good and warms my heart.
   How would you feel if you could not joke around with your wife, husband, child, co-worker, neighbor, close friends, or even just someone that you are standing in line with at your corner store? I am always saying things that make others smile or laugh, even if I don't know the person I'm joking around with. My Grandma always found humor in everything she did, even if it was the hardest job anyone could imagine. This not only relieves stress in any situation, but also is common courtesy(礼貌)to speak to others that are around you.
   I know of a few people that don’t have a funny bone in their bodies, as they say. Everyone around them could be rolling on the floor after hearing a great joke and they would sit there without the slightest smile on their face. They don't get the joke that makes others laugh. I am busting a gut while they just sit there, looking at me as if I were from outer space. How can people not get a really funny joke?
   Laughing is essential to keep your stress levels under control. Without humor we would find ourselves with a lot of psychological problems, or on a lot of medications to keep us from going crazy. There is too much sadness in this present world. It drives people crazy. We all need to find a way to ignore the sadness and bring a little light into our lives. So, I believe our best medicine is to get together and tell some jokes and have some fun laughing together.
24. What is the author’s attitude towards the present world?
   A. Satisfied       B. Positive      C. Critical    D. Indifferent
25. The phrase “busting a gut" in the third paragraph can be replaced by _______.
   A. explaining carefully           B. speaking loud
   C. keeping silent               D. laughing hard
26. According to the author, humor is useful in the aspect that _________.
   A. it makes people more confident
   B. it can help get rid of the cruelty in the world
   C. it can pick up people’s spirits
   D. it can help people get on well with others
27. In writing the passage, the author mainly intends to _______.
   A. introduce a practical way to get through daily life
   B. encourage people to be humorous in daily life
C. convince people of the power of humour
D. talk about his own understanding of humor
C
As any plane passenger will confirm, a crying baby is almost impossible to ignore, no matter how hard you try. Now scientists believe they may have worked out why. A baby’s cry pulls at the heartstrings(扣人心弦)in a way while other cries don’t, researchers found.
Researchers found that a baby’s cry can trigger unique emotional responses in the brain, making it impossible for us to ignore them—whether we are parents or not. Other types of cries, including calls of animals in great pain, fail to get the same response, suggesting the brain is programmed to respond specifically to a baby’s cry.
A team of Oxford University scientists scanned the brains of 28 men and women as they listened to a variety of calls and cries. After 100 milliseconds --- roughly the time it takes to blink (眨眼) —two parts of the brain that respond to emotion lit up. Their response to a baby’s cry was particularly strong. The response was seen in both men and women—even if they had no children.
Researcher Dr Christine Parsons said, “You might read that men should just notice a baby and step over it and not see it, but it’s not true. There is a special processing in men and women, which makes sense from an evolutionary(演化的)view that both men and women would be responding to these cries.” The study was in people who were not parents, yet they are all responding at 100ms to these particular cries, so this might be a fundamental response present in all of us regardless of parental status.
Fellow researcher Katie Young said it may take a bit longer for someone to recognize their own child’s cries because they need to do more “fine-grained analysis”. The team had previously found that our reactions speed up when we hear a baby crying. Adults performed better on computer games when they heard the sound of a baby crying than after they heard recordings of adults crying.
28. A baby’s cry is difficult to ignore because it       .
A. keeps on crying              
B. cries harder than adults
C. causes people great pain       
D. makes people feel strong emotions
29. The underlined word “trigger” in Paragraph 2 probably means “        ”
A. cause     B. remove     C. avoid        D. cure
30. What may Christine Parsons agree to?
A. A crying baby makes no sense to people without children.
B. Parents can hardly recognize their own babies’ cries.
C. Men pay less attention to a crying baby than women.
D. Almost everyone makes certain response to a baby’s cry.
31. What’s the main idea of the text?
A. How to recognize different babies’ cries.
B. Why you can’t get a baby’s cry out of your head.
C. Why a baby is easy and likely to cry.
D. How to prevent a baby crying.
D
Why should mankind explore space? Why should money, time and effort be spent exploring and researching something with so few apparent benefits? Why should resources be spent on space rather than on conditions and people on Earth? These are questions that, understandably, are very often asked.
Perhaps the best answer lies in our genetic makeup as human beings. What drove our ancestors to move from the trees into the plains, and on into all possible areas and environments? The wider the spread of a species, the better its chance of survival. Perhaps the best reason for exploring space is this genetic tendency to expand wherever possible.
Nearly every successful civilization has explored, because by doing so, any dangers in surrounding areas can be identified and prepared for. Without knowledge, we may be completely destroyed by the danger. With knowledge, we can lessen its effects.
Exploration also allows minerals and other potential resources to be found. Even if we have no immediate need of them, they will perhaps be useful later. Resources may be more than physical possessions. Knowledge or techniques have been acquired through exploration. The techniques may have medical applications which can improve the length or quality of our lives. We have already benefited from other spin­offs including improvements in earthquake prediction, in satellites for weather forecasting and in communications systems. Even non­stick pans and mirrored sunglasses are by­products(副产品) of technological developments in the space industry!
While many resources are spent on what seems a small return, the exploration of space allows creative, brave and intelligent members of our species to focus on what may serve to save us. While space may hold many wonders and explanations of how the universe was formed or how it works, it also holds dangers. The danger exists, but knowledge can help human beings to survive. Without the ability to reach out across space, the chance to save ourselves might not exist.
While Earth is the only planet known to support life, surely the adaptive ability of humans would allow us to live on other planets. It is true that the lifestyle would be different, but human life and cultures have adapted in the past and surely could in the future.
32. Why does the author mention the questions?
A. To express his doubts. B. To compare different ideas.
C. To introduce points for discussion. 
D. To describe the conditions on Earth.
33. What is the reason for exploring space based on?
A. Humans are nature­born to do so.
B. Humans have the tendency to fight.
C. Humans may find new sources of food.
D. Humans don't like to stay in the same place.
34. The underlined word “spin­offs” in Paragraph 4 probably refers to ________.
A. survival chances  
B. unexpected benefits
C. potential resources 
D. physical possessions
35. Which of the statements can best sum up the passage?
A. Space exploration has created many wonders.
B. Space exploration provides the best value for money.
C. Space exploration can benefit science and technology.
D. Space exploration may help us avoid potential problems on Earth.
                                        
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项
Whether you' re a child, teenager, young adult or are middle-aged, respect for your parents is an important value. Your parents are the people who raised you, devoting time, energy and money to your development. 36         No matter your age is, there are 5 ways to show respect.
● Respect their belongings.
One important way to show respect is to show regard for the things important to your parents. For younger children, this may mean not touching jewelry or other valuable things. For grown children, respect may mean returning a borrowed tool in good condition and on time. Lack of respect for a parent's belongings is a violation of personal boundaries. 37     — And never borrow things without asking first.
● Punctuality .
38           Therefore, always be on time. For teenagers, showing up on time means coming home by curfew(宵禁).Adult children should show up on time for family dinners or events, or to pick a parent up for a medical appointment. Call if you're going to be late because parents worry about children, no matter their age is.
●39              
Remembering birthdays, anniversaries and other special days is a sign that you honor your parents. Make plans to take them to lunch or dinner or bake a cake or cookies. Most parents don't expect expensive gifts, but a handmade gift is always appreciated .A phone call from a grown child who lives too far for a visit is a welcome sign of respect.
● Be kind.
Kind words and affection are simple ways to show respect. Tell your parents you love them. Listen and allow your parents to speak without interruption. Show a sincere interest in what your parents have to say. Be patient with your parents and don't rush them. Never talk back or be rude or disrespectful. Acknowledge your parents' achievements. 40    
A. Celebrate with them.
B. Be a good listener.
C. Don't take advantage of your parents' kindness and generosity.
D. Treat your parents the way you would like to be treated.
E. Being respectful helps build positive relationships with others.
F. And they love you unconditionally throughout your life.
G. Lateness indicates a lack of respect.

第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节:完形填空(共20个小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
    The job of raising children is a tough one. Children don't come with an instruction manual(说明书).And each child is  41 .So parents sometimes pull their hair out in frustration,not  42  what to do. But in raising children,what we do is  43 by our culture. Naturally then,American parents teach their children basic American  44 .
To Americans, the goal of parents is to help children  45  on their own feet. From  46 ,each child may get his or her own room. As children grow, they get more  47  to make their own choices. 48  choose their own forms of entertainment,as well as the friends to  49  them with. When they  50  young adulthood,they choose their own jobs and marriage  51 .Of course,many young adults still  52  their parents’ advice and approval for the choices they make. But once they “leave the 53 ” at around 18 to 21 years old,they want to be on their own,not  54  to their mothers' apron strings(围裙带).
The relationship between parents and children in America is very informal. American parents  55  their children as individuals—not as extensions of themselves.They__56___them to achieve their own dreams. Americans praise , encourage and give their children the  57  to succeed. When children become adults,their parents becomes more like   58 .But  59  to popular belief,most adult Americans don't make their parents pay for room and board when their parents come to  60 them. Even as adults,they respect and honor their parents.


41. A. strange       B. new        C. different           D. unlike
42. A. noticing       B. knowing     C. remembering       D. deciding
43. A. changed      B. made     C. controlled          D. influenced
44. A. values       B. standards    C. laws             D. services
45. A. sit             B. get      C. stand              D. rise
46. A. childhood      B. girlhood    C. boyhood           D. adulthood
47. A. money         B. space    C. time              D. freedom
48. A. Adults          B. Americans   C. Teenagers         D. Parents
49. A. help            B. share     C. join            D. provide
50. A. gain            B. pass     C. become            D. reach
51. A. partners        B. wives     C. husbands          D. couples
52. A. invite          B. seek        C. try               D. choose
53. A. nest          B. house    C. room             D. place
54. A. connected       B. tied    C. stuck              D. held
55. A. look           B. recognize     C. think           D. view
56. A. hope           B. suggest    C. command          D. allow
57. A. power        B. trust     C. confidence         D. energy
58. A. friends          B. companions    C. members           D. companies
59. A. known          B. contrary    C. similar           D. due
60. A. notice          B. watch      C. visit             D. observe

第二节  (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
“Mirror, mirror, which clothes suit me best?” Now, there is a magic mirror in the shopping center  61   can answer the question.
A shopping center in England is selling a magic dressing mirror.You needn’t enter a fitting room and put the clothes  62   by yourself.All you need to do is to stand in front of the mirror.The magic mirror can tell you  63   or not the clothing you have chosen suits you.
3D technology  64  (use) for the magic mirror for you to choose and try on all kinds of clothes from different stores.When you stand in front of the mirror, with the  65  (assist) of the technology, you can make its own judgement of your body type.Then you can see   66  wearing the dress you have chosen in the mirror.
It’s very convenient for you to find the most  67   (suit) dress.You do not have to spend a lot of time   68   (walk) around in different stores.  69   do you need to shut yourself into a small dressing room.
“The mirror has worked much better with women’s clothing than   70   (expect), so we are now developing the software for men’s and kid’s clothing, ” said the marketing manager of the shopping center.
第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。
文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除
或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(八),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
I’m a senior student and I’m now in the need of your help although I can’t stand the great pressure. Every day I have to have lesson at school for nine hours and spend at least three to four hours doing my homework at home. Our teenagers are eager to play and enjoy ourselves, but we hardly have any time to do that we want. Beside, we don’t even have enough sleepy. There seem to have three cases about the overload: the pressure of examinations, too many homework and high expectations from the parents. We often warned that if we don’t do our best we won’t have the chance to go to university. The pressure often makes me awake at night.

第二节书面表达(满分25分)
假设你正在参加全省中学生英语演讲比赛,请你针对有些父母经常翻看孩子日记或书包这一现象,写一篇演讲稿,陈述你的观点。
演讲稿的主要内容应包括:
 认为同学们不必为此苦恼;
 希望能够体谅父母的苦衷;
 建议与父母进行交流和沟通。注意:
1. 词数100左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3. 开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。
Good morning, ladies and gentleman.
Some of us are having problems with our parents, as they often look into our school bags or read our diaries.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                     
Thank you!

 

 
吉安市2019届五校联考
英语试卷参考答案

听力: BCACC  BCBCB  CAABA   BAABC
阅读:ABA  CDCB  DADB   CABD 
七选五:FCGAD
完型:CBDAC  ADCBD  ABABD  DCABC
语法填空
61.which/that  62.on     63.whether   64.is used    65.assistance  
66.yourself    67.suitable      68.walking    69.Neither/Nor    70.expected
改错:
1. the need         2. although?because     3. lesson ?lessons      
4. Our? We       5. that ?what           6.Beside?Besides  
7.sleepy ?sleep     8. have?be             9. many? much     
10. we∧often: are    
书面表达:
Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.
Some of us are having problems with our parents, as they often look into our school bags or read our diaries. I fully understand why we are not comfortable about it, but there’s no need to feel too sad. Our parents are checking our bags or diaries to make sure we’re not getting into any trouble. They have probably heard some horrible stories about other kids and thought we might do the same. Or perhaps they just want to connect with us but are doing it all wrong.
My suggestion is that we should tell them we want them to trust us as much as we’d like to trust them. If you don’t think you can talk to them, write them a letter and leave it lying around—they are bound to read it.
Thank you!

 

 

 


Text 1
W: Oh, what a pretty dress! My daughter would love it. But it seems a bit too large. Do you have a smaller size?
M: Sorry. This is the only one left. But don’t worry. Children grow fast!
W: Yes, that’s true. I’ll take it.
Text 2
W: These DVDs will be due back on Thursday the 7th.
M: How much more should we pay to keep them another week?
Text 3
M: What did you think of Dana’s speech today?
W: Well, she must have spent a lot of time preparing it. I can’t believe I could sit for that long without feeling bored.
Text 4
W: Could you help us carry these boxes, sir?
M: Oh, I’d like to help you, but I’ve got a pain in my back.
Text 5
W: I wonder if Simon will be here by 8. He’s supposed to be.
M: His wife said he left at 7:30, so he should be here by 8:10 at the latest.
Text 6
M: Are you free on the weekend?
W: I haven’t got any plans yet. Why?
M: There’s an exhibition of Chinese paintings at the public library. Would you like to go with me?
W: I’d love to. But when?
M: How about Saturday morning? It’s cooler in the morning, and may be less crowded.
W: I’m afraid I cannot get up early on weekends. I prefer Saturday afternoon. Believe me, there won’t be too many people.
M: So, shall we meet at 2 Saturday afternoon?
W: Ok, that would be great. I’ll be waiting for you at my home.
Text 7
W: Did you have a busy week?
M: Um, well, no. I mean, I didn’t do a lot, but I bought a computer.
W: You did? Thank goodness! Now you don’t need to borrow mine! You had it for two weeks last time.
M: Yeah, so sorry about that. I wrote my history paper on it. Thanks again, by the way.
W: Sure, no problem. So, how do you like your computer?
M: Oh, it’s really cool. I use it every day.
W: Really? Are you using it for class? I mean, you’re working on a paper now, right?
M: Uh, yeah, I am. But I don’t use it for class.
W: So, what do you use it for?
M: Um, actually, I just watch DVDs on it all week.
Text 8
W: Tom, as the manager of a company selling green products, you’re now quite a successful businessman. When did you know you wanted to have your own company?
M: My family left Budapest in 1986 and settled in Canada, where a lot of my friends’ parents were highly successful businessmen. It seemed so cool! So, in high school, I started a web design company and learned a lot from that experience.
W: How did you find the money for your present company, then?
M: We’ve raised 18 million dollars from about 50 people. We’re finally making money. I own six percent of the company, and all employees get their shares.
W: By the way, what aspects of your life are green?
M: I’m only mildly green. I do simple things, and I’m a huge biker. I biked across Canada.
W: Do you think you have ever done anything wasteful?
M: We’re always doing something wrong, but then, that’s what allows us to learn and grow. When I first started out, we made all the products ourselves. But that was a mistake. Now, we work with other companies. We provide the materials, the product development, and the design. They make the products, and…
Text 9
W: Hey, James. How’s the job search going?
M: Hi, Sharon. I had no idea it would take so much time. It sure makes it difficult to prepare for final exams. How about you?
W: I was lucky. There seems to be a shortage of high school teachers now. I applied to three schools, and each one offered me a position.
M: That’s great. Which one did you like?
W: I haven’t decided yet. Of course, it would be easiest for me to stay here in New York or go back home to Boston. But I may go to California.
M: That would be a big move.
W: So, tell me about your plans.
M: Well, I applied to six newspapers. Last week, I had an interview with New York Times.
W: How did it go?
M: No so well. I think they’re looking for people with some experience.
W: Have you had any other interviews?
M: No, not yet. It seems that everyone wants to be a writer these days. There just aren’t that many jobs out there.
W: That’s too bad.
M: Yes. I had hoped to have a job lined up by graduation. That doesn’t seem likely now.
W: What will you do if you can’t find a job?
M: In that case, I’ll begin working on a master’s degree in the fall.
W: Good luck!
Text 10
M: Now, one more thing to add about student safety before we start today’s college tour. The university offers two programs called Safe Walk and College Alone programs. The Safe Walk program is to make sure that students get where they need to go late at night with an officer on duty to safeguard them, whether back from the bar or from a late-night study group. The College Alone program gives students who are working alone at night peace of mind. Once a student calls the office, her position is recorded, as is her time to leave the place and where she is about to go. Students are provided with a number they can call campus safety office 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. And 12 college pay phones are also connected to the office — no money needed. Here, we’re trying our best so that your children are safe while they’re attending the university.

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