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北京西城区2018届九年级英语上学期期末试题(人教新目标版)

时间:2018-12-25 16:40:09作者:试题来源:网络
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w.Tt z y w.cOM 北京市西城区2018届九年级英语上学期期末考试试题
知识运用(共14 分)
一?单项填空(共6 分,每小题0.5 分)
从下面各题所给的A?B?C?D 四个选项中,选择可以填入空白处的最佳选项?
1. —Amy,would you please pass        the salt?
—Sure,here you are.
  A. I   B. me   C. my   D. mine
2. —When do you leave home for school?
—I usually leave       7 o'clock in the morning.
  A. at   B. on   C. in   D. during
3. The invention of airplanes makes traveling much       than before.
  A. easy   B. easily   C. easier   D. the easiest
4. I will call you as soon as I       the tickets for the concert.
  A. get   B. got   C. have got   D. will get
5. The rain is heavy now. You need to put on your raincoat,       you will get wet.
  A. or   B. and   C. but   D. so
6. —What did you do last weekend?
—We       a picnic in the park. It was a nice day.
  A. have   B. had   C. has had   D. will have
7. —The water is so clear here,isn't it?
—Yes. I       see the colorful fishes swimming in it.
  A. shouldn,t   B. mustn,t   C. need   D. can
8. I       great progress in English since I started to read an English story every day.
  A. made   B. make   C. have made   D. will make
9. I       basketball when my mum called me.
  A. am playing   B. was playing   C. played   D. have played
10. The book       you are talking about is written in everyday English.
  A. who   B. that   C. when   D. what
11. My teacher's glasses       by her baby yesterday.
  A. broke   B. break   C. were broken   D. are broken
12. —Could you tell me       tomorrow?
—By bus.
  A. how did you go to the museum   B. how you went to the museum
  C. how will you go to the museum   D. how you will go to the museum
二?完形填空(共8 分,每小题1 分)
阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后各题所给的A?B?C?D 四个选项中,选择最
佳选项?
When I started working,I couldn't understand why some people seemed to succeed in anything
they tried. However,others just couldn,t manage to achieve anything. After a while,I found the
biggest  13 lies in setting and reviewing goals regularly. A study shows those who have written
goals and review them regularly are among the highest achievers.
What do you do with your desires (渴望)and wants in life?You could pay no attention to them
and leave them to  14 in your mind,or start taking action to get what you want. You need to set
goals. A goal starts with a simple desire.
Do you use any  15 for not setting goals?Whatever it is,I am sure your excuse is limiting
you. If you,re  16 about what you want,you might end up at a certain age with things that you
didn,t want.
Setting goals and reviewing them regularly can increase your chances of succeeding. It can give
you the right direction and  17 you moving closer to what you want. You will achieve more in
months than many people do in years.
If you have a strong desire for something,you have two 18 :wishful thinking,or taking
action. You can wish for a miracle(奇迹),but do nothing. Or,you can get clear on the steps and
take them, 19 ,one by one until you reach success.
Setting goals is the most important and necessary step to achieve success in any area. It begins
with a desire,and then a written goal, 20 by the right attitude and action. Keep reviewing your
goals and watch how your wish miraculously turns into your reality.
13. A. difference   B. surprise   C. hope   D. sale
14. A. sing   B. dance   C. light   D. disappear
15. A. tools   B. excuses   C. stories   D. examples
16. A. excited   B. unclear   C. sure   D. unhappy
17. A. imagine   B. feel   C. stop   D. keep
18. A. steps   B. decisions   C. choices   D. wishes
19. A. slowly   B. suddenly   C. luckily   D. sadly
20. A. decided   B. corrected   C. followed   D. built
阅读理解(共36 分)
三?阅读下列短文,根据短文内容,从短文后各题所给的A?B?C?D 四个选项中,选择最佳选
项?(共26 分,每小题2 分)
A
California
 
21. If you want to stand in the footprints of Johnny Depp,where will you go?
  A. Los Angeles.   B. Hollywoo  D.   C. Venice Beach.   D. Santa Cruz.
22. People must visit the skate park on Venice Beach because .
  A. skateboarding started there   B. many famous people go there
  C. they can learn how to dance there   D. there are rollercosters to ride on
23. The passage is probably a(n) .
  A. bedtime story   B. letter from an old friend
  C. school notice   D. introduction for tourists
B
Tonya Andrews is a math teacher in Texas. For 16 years,she loved her dear pet cat Blondie
very much and wanted to spend as much time with her as possible. It is totally understandable that
she had a special feeling for Blondie because she,d saved her from a building in Forth Worth. But
recently,shortly after she and her husband had realized that Blondie seemed to be getting sick,the
elderly cat died in her arms on her way to the pet hospital. Naturally,Mrs. Andrews was heart?
broken.
After Blondie,s death,Mrs.Andrews went to work every day,feeling upset. She couldn,t help
but share the sad news of her sad loss with some of her students at Joshua High School in Joshua,
TX,and shortly after,a few of the girls in her class came up with a few surprises to cheer her up.
As one student filmed the moment,the girls first gave her some white roses,followed by
cupcakes and balloons to express their care. Mrs.Andrews seemed touched,but it was their next
surprise that deeply moved her and that everyone was talking about.
All that the shocked teacher could seem to say was,“Are they for me?”as she held the baby
cats named Missy and Girlie.
“I knew something was going on when only half of my class was in my room,second period the
next day when the bell rang,”Andrews told the Huffington Post,feeling thankful. “Then she held
them out to me and said they were mine. My heart can now experience happiness again.”
What the high school students did is really meaningful,especially for people who have gone
through loss,like Tonya Andrews. The good news is that it certainly looks like it was worth all the
effort. Tonya Andrews finally was happy when her students did kind things for her.
24. Why did Mrs.Andrews have a special feeling for Blondie?
  A. Because Blondie got sick.
  B. Because she was always lonely.
  C. Because Blondie was her first pet.
  D. Because she saved Blondie from a building.
25. What did Mrs.Andrews do after Blondie died?
  A. She shared the sad news with her students.
  B. She bought two baby cats,Missy and Girlie.
  C. She got into an argument with her husban  D.
  D. She gave up her job at Joshua High School.
26. According to the passage,what are Mrs.Andrews, students like?
  A. Confident and honest.   B. Understanding and caring.
  C. Humorous and active.   D. Brave and strong?wille  D.
C
Zoos are hugely popular attractions for adults and children alike. But are they actually a good
thing?
 
Those people who are against zoos would argue that animals often suffer(遭受痛苦)physically and mentally by being enclose'd. Even the best man?made environments can't come close to matching the space,diversity (多样性),and freedom that animals have in their natural homes. This causes many zoo animals to become sick. Catching animals in the wild also causes much suffering by separating families. Some zoos make animals behave unnaturally. For example,ocean parks often force dolphins and whales to perform. These sea animals dolphin may die years earlier than their wild relatives.
    
On the other hand,by bringing people and animals together,zoos can educate the public about animal protection and encourage people to save animals and their homes. Some zoos provide a safe environment for animals which have been mistreated in circuses,or pets which have been given up and no longer wante  D. Zoos also carry out important research into subjects like animal behavior and how to treat illness.
circus
One of the most important modern functions of zoos is supporting international breeding (繁衍)programs,especially for endangered species (物种). In the wild,some of the species have difficulty in finding mates and breeding,and they might also be hurt or even killed by people. A good zoo will enable these species to live and breed in a safe environment. In addition,as numbers of some wild species drop,there is an increased danger of populations becoming too genetically(基因上)similar. Breeding programs provide a safeguard:zoo?bred animals can be put into the wild to increase genetic diversity.
However,those people who are against zoos say that many zoo?bred animals are not put back into
the wild. A lot of animals are sold not only to other zoos but also to circuses in the US or wild parks in
South Africa,where some people are willing to pay a lot of money for the chance to kill a helpless
animal. Often,these animals are familiar with humans and have very little chance of escaping.
So,are zoos good for animals or not?Perhaps it all depends on how well zoos are managed,
and the benefits of zoos can surely outweigh their harmful effects. However,it is understandable that
many people believe enclosing animals for any reason is simply wrong.
27. According to Paragraph 2,some sea animals may die earlier than their wild relatives because
.   A. they were born in the ocean park   B. they don't have enough living space
  C. they are forced to behave unnaturally   D. they suffer from family separation
28. What is the main purpose of international breeding program?
  A. To increase genetic diversity.   B. To protect mistreated animals.
  C. To free enclosed animals.   D. To do research on animal behavior.
29. What,s the author,s opinion of zoos?
  A. He doubts the value of zoos.
  B. He is a true supporter of all kinds of zoos.
  C. He is against the idea of having zoos around
  D. He sees the importance of the zoo management.
D
The Rise of Artificial Intelligence (AI;人工智能)discusses AI technology and how it might
affect humans in the future,but the future is already here. In 2011,America's Favorite Quiz Show
held a competition between two men and an IBM computer named “Watson”. IBM describes Watson
as “a technology that understands all forms of data and also reasons and learns.”Both men thought
they could beat Watson. Instead,the computer and its Artificial Intelligence soundly bested both of
the human beings.
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE MADE SIMPLE
Artificial Intelligence generally refers to machines with human?like intelligence,such as
problem?solving and learning. In order to be considered AI,the computer must pass the Turing test,
named after Alan Turing,a British mathematician who worked with the first computers.
In the 1950s,Turing published a paper questioning whether a computer could be used to trick
humans into believing they were interacting(互动)with an actual human being. He found that if
30% of humans who interacted with a “machine”believed they were actually interacting with a
human being,then the computer could be considered as AI.
A simple example of AI is Apple,s Siri. Ask Siri to do anything,from calling a friend to booking
a dinner table,and Siri can do it. Siri seems almost human. When you ask,“Are you a real
person?”Siri answers,“That is a really personal question.”
But,just because a system can behave like humans does not mean it can think like humans.
Or,does it?
JOINING OF HUMAN & MACHINE
It seems that our devices(设备)will turn into humans. Our phones already tell us to take an
umbrella before we walk out the door. They volunteer traffic conditions so we know how long it will
take to drive to work.
Our devices can interact with us in a way that looks like a real conversation with another human
being,like with Siri. It does not seem crazy at all to think that AI may be programmed to actually
think. If it has not already happened,it likely will happen in the near future.
Have we come to the time when computers and AI have caught up to human beings?Although
computers have the ability to make our life better,is it possible that they may control and destroy
human beings in the end?
WHAT THE FUTURE HOLDS
It seems pretty clear that in the future,we're going to see a human?machine hybrid. Humans
will be stronger,live longer and be smarter. Ray Kurzweil,a computer scientist,believes that within
50 years,the humans on Earth will be about 50 to 80% robotic. There is no question that AI will be
a part of every technology that humans create. Will it turn out to be more of a benefit to humankind
or will it be a risk and threaten(威胁到)humanity as we know it?If AI is programmed according to
Isaac Asimov's 3 Laws of Robotics,humans won,t have a problem with machines;but for some,evil
AI still stands in the way of a peaceful and safe life on earth.
30. The story of computer Watson is mentioned here to tell us that .   
  A. the age of machines has come   B. humans make their own enemies
  C. AI has actually come into our life   D. humans are playing a dangerous game
31. From the passage we can learn that .   
  A. Turing test was designed to examine the first computers
  B. machines interacting with humans can be called AI
  C. Siri can volunteer to book a dinner table
  D. AI will help humans to be stronger and smarter
32. What does the underlined expression “a human?machine hybrid”probably mean?
  A. a machine with a human look   B. a human created by machines
  C. a body part robotic part human   D. a robot that can behave like humans
33. The passage is mainly about     .
  A. the history and future of AI   B. the advantages and disadvantages of AI
  C. the examples of AI         D. the competition between humans and AI
四?阅读短文,根据短文内容回答问题?(共10 分,每小题2 分)
Albino Power
I was born an albino(白化病患者)in Scranton,Pennsylvania,in 1945. No one in my family
had ever known what an albino was,what it meant to be an albino,what had to be done differently
because I was an albino.
My parents and friends treated me just like they treated everybody else. That was just about the
best thing they could have done. It gave me a leg up on trusting myself,so when troubles came
along,I could deal with them.
True,my schoolbook photo always looked like a snowball with two pieces of coal for eyes. Like
most albinos,I had terrible eyesight,but the fact that I could hardly see didn,t worry me all that
much.
Kids laughed at me,calling me “Whitey”. People stared at me when I held reading material
right at the tip of my nose so I could see it well enough to rea  D. Even when I was eight or nine,
movie?theater workers started asking me to pay adult prices because I “looked older”.
The worst part for me was that because my eyesight was so bad,I couldn,t play sports very well.
I didn,t give up trying,though. I practiced playing basketball every day. And I studied harder.
Finally,I got better at school and loved it. By the time I got to college,I was double
majoring(专业),going to summer school and taking part in every kind of after?class activity I could
find. I had learned to be proud of being an albino. I did my best to make “albino”a positive word.
And I decided to make my living with my eyes -and in sports.
I couldn't see well enough to play sports,but with a good and long?lasting education and the
drive to do it,I could make a living involved in the area I loved. I,ve done it now for more than
thirty years in print and in video,and now in cyberspace. People make jokes about how I,m the only
“blind editor(编辑)”they know,but the jokes are friendly smiles now,and some of them are signs
of respect. And I make jokes about being an albino. I have even developed an all?white routine,if
you could call it that.
I was just a proud albino kid from the coal country of Pennsylvania. I now realize that being
born an albino helped me to get over difficulties,become confident,and be proud of my personal
achievement.
34. How did the writer's parents and friends treat him?
35. Why couldn,t the writer play sports very well?
36. What was the writer doing by the time he got to college?
37. What does the writer think of the “blind editor”jokes now?
38. What does “Albino Power”mean to the writer?
书面表达
五?文段表达(10 分)
39.从下面两个题目中獉任獉选獉一獉题,根据中文和英文提示,完成一篇不少于50词的文段写作?文
中已给出内容不计入总词数?所给提示词语仅供选用?请不要写出你的校名和姓名?
题目(1)
假如你是李华,正在美国参加一个交换生项目?你想申请所在学校的某一社团,请你写一
份申请,说明你想参加什么社团,为什么想参加这个社团以及你自身的优势?
提示词语:singing,chess,interested,confident,friends
提示问题:1. What club do you want to join?
2. Why do you want to join this club?
3. What makes you the right person for this club?
Dear Sir/ Madam,
  
Thank you for considering my application and I,m looking forward to your early reply.
Yours,
Li Hua
题目②
题目(2)
现在,某英文报纸正在开展以“我要成为一个的人”为主题的征文活动?假如你是
李华,请用英语写一篇短文投稿?谈谈你要成为一个什么样的人,为什么以及你怎么做才能成
为那样的人?
提示词语:brave,honest,positive,help,love,believe
提示问题:1. What kind of person do you want to be?
2. Why do you want to be like that?
3. How can you make it?
 

 
四?阅读短文,根据短文内容回答问题?
34. Just like they treated everybody else.
35. Because his eyesight was very bad
36. He was double majoring,going to summer school and taking part in afer?class activities.
37. They are friendly smiles.
38. It is the power to help him to get over difficulties,become confident,and be proud of his
personal achievement.
书面表达
五?文段表达
39. 参考范文:
题目(1)Dear Sir/ Madam,
I'm writing to apply for the singing club because I love singing and many people say I have
a beautiful voice.
Since the third grade,I,ve been a member of the school choir. We trained very hard,and
our performance was a real hit at the New Year,s celebration last year. From my experiences,I
have gained self?confidence and friendship. I think I have a good sense of music and I can get
along well with others. So I am the right person for this club.
I really hope that I can join this club to share beautiful music with my friends.
Thank you for considering my application and I,m looking forward to your early reply.
Yours,
Li Hua
题目(2)I want to be a positive person. Being positive is the key to living a happy and healthy life. I
think with a positive attitude,we can always find a way to love life,influence people and make
this imperfect world a better place.
To achieve it,I must see the bright side of everything and everyone around me,especially
when things don,t go my way. Also,more communication is necessary. The more I communicate
with people around me,the better I will know them. Most importantly,I should believe that life
will change for the better. The road to becoming a positive person is not always an easy one,but
I believe that I already have a good start.
书面表达评分标准
第一档:(10~9 分)
完全符合题目要求,观点正确,要点齐全?句式多样,词汇丰富?语言准确,语意连贯,表
达清楚,具有逻辑性?
第二档:(8~6 分)
基本符合题目要求,观点正确,要点齐全?语法结构和词汇基本满足文章需要?语言基本
通顺,语意基本连贯,表达基本清楚?虽然有少量语言错误,但不影响整体理解?
第三档:(5~3 分)
部分内容符合题目要求,要点不齐全?语法结构和词汇错误较多,语言不通顺,表达不够
清楚,影响整体理解?
第四档:(2~0 分)
与题目有关内容不多,只是简单拼凑提示词语,所写内容难以理解?__
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