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山东平度一中2019届高三英语12月阶段试卷(附答案)

时间:2018-12-19 09:07:06作者:试题来源:网络
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  英语科试卷    
注意事项:
    1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。
    2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。
    3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)
    做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节  (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
    听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1.What may happen to the girl?
A.She may be fired.     B.She may be promoted.     C.She may be praised.
2.Where does the conversation take place?
A.In a cinema.      B.In a clothes shop.      C.In a post office.
3.What will the man probably do tonight?
A.Go swimming.     B.Go to the concert.      C.Go shopping.
4.How many miners were killed in the accident?
A.13.        B.30.         C.3.
5.What’s the possible relationship between the two speakers?
A.Teacher and student.   B.Salesgirl and customer.    C.Doctor and patient.
第二节  (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
    听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6.What can we learn about the speakers?
A.They’re friends.   B.They’re strangers.      C.They’re relatives.
7.What makes the man feel tired?
A.Working in the sun. B.Carrying the woman’s books. C.Going over his English.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8.How will the speakers decorate their house again?
A.By painting the wall in blue.
B.By repainting the living room.
C.By drawing a picture on the curtain.   
9.What will the two speakers do first?
A.Buy some paint.    B.Make a plan.     C.Visit a country-style house.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10.What does Jenny look like?
A.She has black hair.  B.She is a short girl.   C.She has blue eyes.
11.What is the population of Australia?
A.About 20,000,000.B.About 200,000,000. C.About 120,000,000.
12.Which city is the largest in Australia?
A.Melbourne.      B.Sydney.       C.Canberra.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13.What is the man famous for?
A.Doing business.    B.Collecting coins.    C.Teaching maths.
14.How does the man get the coins for his collection?
A.He trades for rare and old ones.
B.His uncle often gives him some.
C.He asks for some from his friends.
15.Who is the woman?
A.A teacher.     B.A saleslady.     C.A journalist.
16.What is the conversation mainly about?
A.The career.     B.The hobby.     C.The business.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17.What does the speaker prefer to do in the spare time?
A.Stay at home.    B.Go outdoors.     C.Watch TV.
18.What is most important for a healthy body?
A.Enough physical exercises.  B.Strong sunlight.    C.Fresh air.
19.Why does the speaker prefer outdoor activities?
A.He can save a lot of time and money.
B.He can make a lot of good friends.
C.He has spent too much time indoors.
20.Which is the advantage of having some amusement indoors?
A.Expensive to plan.   B.Simple to conduct.    C.Interesting to organize.
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节  (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Welcome to Sun Bright Hotel,New York
Introduction
This hotel is perfect for student travelers on a low budget or travelers looking for an inexpensive,limited service hotel,and wanting to stay in New York City.
•The sleeping rooms are small and equipped with a 13-inch TV with cable.Guests must walk up one flight of stairs to reach the rooms and the lobby(大厅)on the second floor.No bathroom in the rooms,and they are located in each floor and shared.
•There is no restaurant in the hotel,but there are many Asian restaurants within a two-minute walk from the hotel.The hotel’s location in Chinatown provides its guests with world-class eateries within blocks.It is also only blocks from great Italian restaurants in Little Italy,approximately a five-minute walk from the hotel.Located in Manhattan’s Chinatown district,the hotel is a walking distance to many famous supermarkets on Canal Street,Little Italy,Tribeca,SoHo and the Financial District.
Room and Accommodation
•Connection for laptop
•Air conditioning
•Satellite television   
•Direct dial phone
•Automatic wake-up call
Location and Contact Information
•Address:140 Hester Street New York NY 1 00 1 3 United States
•Hotline:400—830—2353
•Email:hotels@fnetravel.com
•Book your room here !
21.We can learn that the hotel is________.   
A.fashionable     B.plain      C.high    D.grand
22.What service is provided in the hotel?
A.Delicious breakfast.      B.Free Wi-Fi.
C.Automatic wake-up service.  D.Fitness equipment.
23.We can infer that it is very convenient for guests in the hotel to________.
A.see a film      B.attend a concert
C.visit a zoo   D.go shopping
B
In 1989,Chito Shedden,a fisherman from Siquirres,Costa Rica,was walking along a fiver bank when he spotted a dying crocodile,which had been shot through the head.Chito acted quickly,asking several brave friends to load the heavy reptile(爬行动物)into his boat.He named the huge reptile,“Pocho”and began to care for him in his own backyard.
In time,Pocho improved enough to return to normal health.It was time for him to return to his own river in the wild.Chito and his friends loaded the crocodile back into his boat and released him in a nearby fiver.The next morning,however,something incredible happened…  
When Chito awoke the next morning and walked outside,he found Pocho sleeping at the door.The crocodile had swum down the fiver and followed him home.It seemed to Chito that Pocho had made his choice.He wanted to live with the man who had saved his life.
As time marched on,Pocho became a member of the family.Sometimes,Chito tried calling his name.The crocodile responded,and the fisherman knew he could be trained…Chito worked with Pocho for 10 years before he started to become more playful.It was a slow and challenging process.
Now,the two are inseparable.Every day,Chito wades out into the chest-deep water in his 100 square meters lake and calls out for his friend,who appears from beneath the muddy depths to roll about and play with his keeper.The unique ritual(老规矩)has drawn the attention of tourists from around the world
Every Sunday afternoon for the past few decades,Chito and Pocho have performed a weekly act in his own backyard before hundreds of tourists.Many tourists travel to Siquirres only to see the show.The trust relationship between man and reptile is highlighted by the water wrestling,belly rubs,and hand feeding that the two friends engage in during the show.
24.What were things like for Pocho when it was found?
A.Its head was shot through.
B.It was ready to escape.
C.It was trapped in a fishing net.
D.It was giving birth along the bank.
25.What happened after Chito put Pocho back to nature?
A.Chito missed Pocho so much that he fell i11.
B.Chito searched for ways to cure Pocho.
C.Pocho couldn’t get used to its life in nature.
D.Pocho followed Chito back to his home.
26.Which of the following words can be used to describe the relationship between Chito and Pocho?
A.Harmonious.    B.Normal.    C.Indifferent. D.Terrible.
27.What can we infer from the last paragraph?
A.Chito and Pocho perform the show for the tourists for free.
B.The crocodile show has become a popular tourist attraction.
C.Many tourists are inspired by Chito to keep crocodiles as pets.
D.Crocodiles are actually not a fearful animal for human beings.
C
Self-driving cars are so popular that the University of Michigan has even established a town called Mcity to allow car manufacturers to safely test their autonomous cars.
While Mcity can be used to simulate(模拟)many real-life road conditions,it cannot help test gestures drivers use to communicate their intention to other drivers,pedestrians or cyclists.To find a solution,US car manufacturer Ford,with researchers from Virginia Tech,initially considered using text as a way to communicate the car's intention,but decided it would probably not work universally.The option of using symbols was also discarded,because research shows that a majority of people do not have a good understanding of what they mean.
Finally,the researchers settled on light signals.A white light warned that there were no humans in the car. A slow blinking one indicated that the car was coming to a stop,while a rapidly flashing light cautioned passersby that the car was about to accelerate.
Then came the big challenge—testing the signals on real roads.“We needed to try out this new lighting to communicate the intention of the vehicle,but if you’ve got a driver behind the seat,you still have natural communication between humans,”said Andy Shaudt,who led the Virginia Tech research team.“So we needed to make it look like a driverless ear.”
The team designed a car seat costume(戏装)that the driver would wear to cover his/her face and upper body.Of course,the drivers could see very clearly.The researchers then equipped the car with cameras to capture human reactions to a light bar on the windshield(挡风玻璃),which flashed one of the three signals when appropriate.Six drivers,all keeping their hands low on the wheel so as not to be detected,took turns to test driving the car through the busy streets.
The overall reaction to the flashing lights was very encouraging.Who knew costumes could be useful for more than Halloween?
28.What did the team first consider using as a way to communicate the car's intention?
A.Light.      B.Language.   C.Symbols.  D.Sound.
29.The underlined word“they”in the second paragraph refers to_______.
A.svmbo1s      B.drivers     C.researchers   D.flashes
30.What does a rapidly flashing light mean?
A.The car was coming to a stop.     B.There was no driver in the car.
C.The car was about to speed up.  D.The car was about to slow down.
31.The car seat costume was intended to_______.
A.amuse the driver       B.attract the pedestrians
C.warn the cyclists     D.confuse the people
D
Columbus Day has been on American calendars since 1937,when President Franklin D.Roosevelt declared October 12 a federal holiday to honor the Italian explorer who“discovered”the Americas in 1492.However,the  holiday has always been controversial.Many people believe that Christopher Columbus should not be given credit for“discovering”the continent,since native Americans had already been living there for generations.
Besides,the explorer,s mission was not a scientific“voyage of discovery”,but one intended to conquer the new land.Critics maintain that the Spanish army Columbus brought on his second voyage,caused the deaths of hundreds of thousands of indigenous(土著的)people.Those that survived the massacre became slaves,working in mines.Many,therefore,believe that the explorer's arrival should not be celebrated.
In 1977,a delegation of Native nations at the International Conference on Discrimination Against Indigenous Populations in the Americas,proposed renaming the holiday to“Indigenous People’s Day”.The proposal passed with a majority.
    However,convincing the rest of the country to do the same was not that easy.It took 15 years before the city of Berkeley in California adopted the name in 1992 and then 22 more years before Minneapolis,MN and Seattle,WA did the same in 2014.The following year,eight more cities including Albuquerque,NM and Portland,OR,began celebrating the second Monday of October as“Indigenous People’s Day”. The movement really started to gain momentum in 2016 when 19 cities,including Boulder,CO and Phoenix,AZ,as well as the states of Minnesota and Vermont,a11 decided to rename the day to honor Native Americans.In 2017,21 more cities,including Austin,TX and Los Angeles,CA have made the shih.
    With the increasingly larger number of cities moving away from Columbus Day each year,it will be interesting to see if“Indigenous People’s Day”gets federal recognition.Meanwhile,it will continue to be the focal point of debates throughout the Americas.
32.Which of the following is the best title of the passage?
A.Indigenous People’s Day Has Got Federal Recognition after Years’Work
B.Columbus Day Honoring the Italian Explorer Has Always Been Controversial
C.Christopher Columbus Should Not Be Given Credit for Discovering Americas
D.More Cities Have Replaced Columbus Day with Indigenous People’s Day
33.Many people don’t agree that________.
A.Indigenous discovered the continent
B.Columbus was a remarkable explorer
C.Native Americans were abused   
D.Columbus Day is a public holiday
34.What can we infer from the second paragraph?
A.Columbus was well received by indigenous people.
B.The indigenous people hated the Columbus’arrival.
C.The Spanish army rebelled against Columbus’rule.
D.Few soldiers survived the attack by native Americans.
35.Which of the following cities is the earliest to replace Columbus Day with Indigenous People’s Day?
A.Portland.    B.Phoenix.    C.Seattle.   D.Los Angeles.
第二节  (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。
Hobbies let you explore interests outside your work.They make you be creative and try all kinds of new things.  36  How can you choose the hobby that suits you from these options? Here are some tips.
Look at what interests you.And examine what takes up your spare time,when you have it.Do you enjoy reading books? Maybe you want to try your hand at writing them.37 
 38  Do you value wisdom or courage? Do you admire artistic expression? Let those traits(特点)guide you when choosing a hobby.For instance,you could take up painting because you admire people who can express themselves with art.
Examine your skills and personality.Certain hobbies require certain skill sets.If you don’t have a great deal of patience,then maybe hand sewing isn’t something you’d enjoy.However,if you love building things,maybe you should consider a hobby like working on older cars or building furniture. 39  
Pay attention to what excites your passion.The way you talk about issues can also reveal your passions and those passions can be developed into a hobby.Think about the topics you go on endlessly about. 40  Now,think about what it is about that subject that you enjoy so much and determine how it can be transformed into a hobby.For instance,maybe you are passionate about local politics,and getting involved in the community voluntary work could become your hobby.

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节  (共20小题;每小题1.5分。满分30分)
    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
After having a child,I found my regular exercise interrupted.I was not only busy;I also lacked the motivation.Solo gym sessions or some quick  41  following the DVD while the baby sleeps didn’t  42  me at a11.So I decided to sign up for a hiking  43  in Peru,hoping that it would get me  44  again.
    Looking over my travel arrangements before I left.I  45  phrases such as“3-hour hike 46  primitive forests”and“sliding with a rope down waterfalls”,and I started to feel a little  47 .
    However,as we made our way through the forests and were  48  with amazing views of 49  waterfalls,this team of strangers  50  me to go on.Being physically active with a group motivated me to reach the  51  or the valley below—rather than simply lying down on the forest floor and giving up, 52  I might have done if I were alone.
    53  confirm my experience:Group exercise can really start a new attitude toward fitness.“People get a better  54  in a group than they do on their own,”said Allison Kimmel,a group  55  instructor.That’s because other people  56  both support and competition.“Humans are  57  animals and the shared experience of facing a challenge  58  is compelling(不可抗拒的),”sd  said David Ezell,the CEO of fitness provider Darien Wellness.
    With the  59  of a group,I'm slowly getting back into a  60  lifestyle.
41.A.summary      B.addition     C.exercise   D.1ecture
42.A.contribute to     B.appeal to     C.cater to   D.object to
43.A.trip       B.voyage     C.award   D.speech
44.A.acting      B.flying     C.studying   D.moving
45.A.examined      B.scanned     C.copied   D.deleted
46.A.across      B.over      C.through   D.beyond
47.A.convinced      B.disappointed  C.delighted   D.worried
48.A.rewarded      B.crowded     C.covered   D.equipped
49.A.awful       B.awesome     C.accessible  D.still
50.A.begged      B.forced     C.permitted   D.inspired
51.A.summit      B.foot      C.destination  D.waterfall
52.A.that       B.which     C.where   D.when
53.A.Victims      B.Tourists     C.Strangers   D.Experts
54.A.position      B.workout     C.income   D.diet
55.A.business      B.career     C.flight   D.fitness
56.A.offer       B.consume     C.receive   D.ignore
57.A.natural      B.traditional     C.practical   D.social
58.A.alone       B.alike      C.together   D.close
59.A.popularity      B.development  C.increase   D.support
60.A.wealthier      B.healthier     C.higher   D.richer
第二节  (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
    Most pilots try to avoid  61  (fly)into big storms.But for Scott Price,flying  62 (direct)into them is just another day on the job.He is a hurricane hunter.
Last month,Price flew through Hurricane Harvey,  63  most powerful storm to hit the US mainland in more than 10 years.Harvey  64  (cause)massive flooding in Texas,especially in Houston.
Hurricanes are powerful storms that form  65  the ocean.They bring heavy rains and strong winds that can reach more than 150  66  (mile)per hour.Hurricanes that reach land can flood cities and destroy homes.
When a hurricane forms,Price and his crew board their plane and fly through the storm  67  it reaches land.The ride is often bumpy and violent.During a flight,crew members release devices called dropsondes,which are long tubes  68  (attach)to parachutes.As the dropsondes fall through a storm,instruments inside them collect data,such as wind speed and direction.That information  69  (send)to the National Hurricane Center in Florida.Experts there use that data to track the size of the hurricane and where it's headed.
Though his job is sometimes  70  (danger),Price says it’s worth it.
 
第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
      2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
The other day,when I walked by a food shop,I noticed a old woman buying some food.She doesn’t pay in cash.Instead of,she paid with WeChat.WeChat payment is becoming more and more popular.Why people like to use WeChat payment? The main reason is that it is simple and convenience.What we need to do are to take out the cellphone,scan the QR code and pay for the goods we buy.We don’t have to carry wallets with me any longer.WeChat payment,that has changed the way we shop,was creating by Chinese.We should be proud of become a Chinese.It shows to the world that Chinese people are creative.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
    假如你是李华,即将大学毕业。你准备毕业后自主创业,开办一家外文图书销售公司。现在请你就此事写一封电子邮件给你的大学就业顾问Eric。内容包括:
1.介绍创业设想;
2.分析创业理由;
3.征求顾问意见。
注意:
1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.文章的开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Eric,
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Yours,
Li Hua
英语参考答案及评分标准
听力原文:
Text 1
W: I’m very sorry that I have come late, but my car broke down on my way to work.
M: This is the last time you have said sorry to me. Do you know how many times you have been late for work this week?
Text 2
M: Oh, it is really nice! Where is the fitting room, please?
W: Over there, sir.
Text 3
W: Are you going to the concert with us tonight?
M: I’d like to, but I promised Jenny to go shopping at that time.
Text 4
M: The paper said 30 workers lost their lives in the mine accidents.
W: The government should take steps to stop such things from happening again.
Text 5
W: Is there anything serious with me?
M: Take it easy. Nothing serious. Have a rest for a couple of days and you will be well.
Text 6
W: It seems you’ve burned yourself out.
M: Pardon. I’m afraid I didn’t quite catch you.
W: You look tired. You must have overworked yourself.
M: Yes, a little bit. I’ve been hitting the books all these days.
W: Why have you been studying so hard?
M: I need to review my English.
W: So that’s what keeps you so busy recently!
M: Yes, I’ve been tied up with my studies. Now, what worries me a lot is my English.
W: But why? Your English is very good.
M: Thank you. You are very kind.
W: No, I’m telling the truth. As an American, I understand you quite well.
M: It’s very kind of you to say so.
Text 7
W: Honey, how long have we been living here?
M: About 10 years. What’s wrong?
W: I am thinking about decorating our house again.
M: That would cost a lot of money. But we do need to do some changes to the house.
W: Right. What about repainting the living room in yellow?
M: Good idea. I like the countryside style.
W: Great minds think the same. And we can also ask someone to draw a picture on the wall.
M: It sounds great. And the curtain should be changed too.
W: OK. Maybe we should make a plan first.
  
Text 8
W: Who is the tall girl standing under the tree?
M: The girl with fair hair and blue eyes? She is Jenny, a newcomer in my class. Jenny is from Australia.
W: Australia? A faraway country from Beijing?
M: Yes, Australia is in the south hemisphere.
W: Is it a big country?
M: Yes. It is very big. It almost covers a whole continent. But its population is very small. Only about 20,000,000.
W: I hear Australia has a different season from China.
M: Right. Now we are in winter. It is very cold here in Beijing, but in Australia it is summer, it is very hot.
W: The 27th Olympic Games was held in Sydney, Australia. Is Sydney the capital of Australia?
M: No, Sydney is the largest and oldest city in Australia, but it is not the capital of Australia. Another famous city in Australia is Melbourne.
W: Which city is the capital of Australia?
M: Canberra.
Text 9
W: Professor Jones, you're well known as a professor of mathematics at the City College. We're writing about what professional people do in their spare time for our newspaper. May I ask you a few questions about your favorite hobby?
M: Sure, I love discussing my hobby with people. I'm a coin collector.
W: How long have you been collecting coins?
M: Since I was 12 years old. My uncle gave me a book with spaces to put coins into.
W: How did your interest grow?
M: I filled that book and continued to look at the coins that passed through my hands, searching for rare and old ones.
W: Where do you find the coins for your collection?
M: Sometimes in my pocket change, but usually I buy them from other collectors or trade for others.
W: What does your collection consist of now?
M: I have over 5,000 valuable coins which have doubled in value.
W: You seem very businesslike in your hobby.
M: Well, do you think so? But my hobby is mainly based on interest.
W: Thank you for the answers, Professor Jones. I think people will like to read about your hobby.
Text 10
M:With the development of science and technology, people have more spare time. But how do we spend the free time? I prefer to go outdoors and spend my free time in some different places and with some different people.
The first reason for outdoor activities is that I have spent too much time indoors. Most of the time I sit in the classroom, listen to the teachers and do my exercises. The outdoor activities are too limited. Fresh air, sunlight and most important, enough physical exercises are needed for a healthy body. So when I am free, I should go out. The second reason is that I want to have more experience in my life. When you go out, far away from your daily life, you will meet a lot of people who are quite different from you. It will give you a lot of exciting experience.
However, outdoor activities will take a lot of money and energy. So if you have not prepared enough, having some amusement indoors is also a good choice, which may be much cheaper and easy to carry out. Reading some books and enjoying music are also very good.
1-5   ABCBC   6-10   ACBBC  11-15   ABCAC   16-20   BBACB

A
本文是一篇应用文。这是纽约阳光宾馆的一则网上广告,介绍了宾馆的一些情况。
21. B 细节理解题。根据This hotel is perfect for student travelers on a low budget or travelers looking for an inexpensive, limited service hotel可知这个宾馆很简陋。
22. C 细节理解题。根据Room and Accommodation里的内容可知宾馆提供自动叫早服务。
23. D 推理判断题。根据the hotel is a walking distance to many famous supermarkets可知这个宾馆离购物中心很近,故购物应当非常方便。
B
本文是一篇记叙文。1989年,哥斯达黎加渔民Chito在河边发现了一条奄奄一息的鳄鱼。他救起了这条鳄鱼。在他的悉心照料下,鳄鱼恢复了健康。Chito决定把这条鳄鱼放生。令人难以置信的是,在放生后的第二天,鳄鱼又回到了他的家中。鳄鱼俨然成了他的家庭成员。Chito发现这条鳄鱼很有灵性,他教给它一些表演技能。数十年来,他们每周星期天下午给来自世界各地的游客表演节目。
24. A 推理判断题。第一段说Chito遇到这只鳄鱼的时候,这只鳄鱼奄奄一息,它的脑袋被射穿了,因此选A。
25. D 细节理解题。第三段说,Pocho这条鳄鱼从河里跟着Chito游回来,在Chito家门口睡了一夜,由此可知选D。
26. A 推理判断题。从倒数第二段可以看出Chito和这条鳄鱼配合默契,关系融洽。
27. B 推理判断题。根据最后一段Every Sunday afternoon … see the show可以判断Chito和这条鳄鱼的水中表演成了受欢迎的旅游项目。
C
本文是一篇科普文。目前世界上各大汽车制造厂商竞相开发无人驾驶汽车, 为此Michigan大学还专门建造了无人汽车测试城。测试城能模拟很多真实路面状况,但却无法测试司机向路面人群传递行车意图的姿势。福特公司弥补了这个缺憾,他们在实际路面测试了用灯光信号来表达汽车的行驶意图,收到良好效果。
28.B 细节理解题。根据第二段To find a solution, US car manufacturer Ford, with researchers from Virginia Tech, initially considered using text as a way to communicate the car’s intention可知这个研究小组最初考虑用文本(文字语言)来表达汽车的行车意图。
29.A 词义猜测题。根据前一句的The option of using symbols was also discarded可以判断they在此指的是“符号”。
30.C 细节理解题。根据第二段a rapidly flashing light cautioned passersby that the car was about to accelerate可知灯光快速闪烁表明汽车马上要加速行驶了。
31.D 推理判断题。根据第四段中的The team designed a car seat costume that the driver would wear to cover his/her face and upper body/Six drivers, all keeping their hands low on the wheel so as not to be detected等信息可知这套汽车坐椅服装是用来迷惑人们的,使人们以为这是一辆无人驾驶的汽车。

D
本文是一篇说明文。越来越多的美国城市不再庆祝“哥伦布日”,而是庆祝“土著人日”。“土著人日”有望得到联邦政府的认可。很多人认为在哥伦布到达美洲大陆之前美洲土著人已经在这块土地上生活了很多年。而且,哥伦布带来的西班牙军队屠杀了成千上万的土著人,给美洲土著人带来了深重的灾难。所以不应该庆祝“哥伦布日”。
32. D 主旨大意题。本文主要讲越来越多的美国城市不再庆祝“哥伦布日”,而是庆祝“土著人日”,故D项最佳。A项不符合事实。B项和C项是文章的细节,不具有概括性。
33.A 细节理解题。根据第一段Many people believe that Christopher Columbus should not be given credit for “discovering” the continent, since Native Americans had already been living there for generations可知很多人认为哥伦布不应该因为“发现”新大陆而受到称赞。因为美洲土著人在哥伦布来到之前已经在美洲大陆生活了很多年。
34. B 推理判断题。根据第二段that the Spanish army Columbus brought on his second voyage,  caused the deaths of hundreds of thousands of indigenous(土著的) people. Those that survived the massacre became slaves,working in mines可知哥伦布带来的西班牙军队屠杀了成千上万的土著人,幸存下来的土著人被迫当奴隶或在矿山干活。可见土著人是憎恨哥伦布的到来的。
35. C 细节理解题。根据第四段可知在这四个城市中,Seattle(西雅图)是最早用“土著人日”取代“哥伦布日”的城市。

本文是一篇说明文。文章就“如何找到适合于自己的爱好”的话题提出了四条建议。
36. E 后面一句How can you choose the hobby that suits you from these options?有提示。故可判断本句是讲“爱好选择”的。故选E项。
37. D 本段主要讲把喜欢的东西变成爱好。D项符合要求。
38. B 本处需要一个主题句。本段反复提到了value,admire等词汇,故可判断本段讲的是“考虑一下你最珍惜的东西是什么”。故选B。
39. A 本处需要一个结论句。本段主要讲“要考虑自己的技能和个性,发挥自己的特长”。A项符合结论句的要求。
40. F 本段主要讲“什么能激发你的激情?你谈论最多的话题通常能透露你的激情所在”,F项(问问朋友和家人你谈得最多的是什么?)符合句意。

本文是一篇记叙文。作者在生了孩子以后,原来定期的锻炼运动中断了。作者也对那些所谓的“新母亲健美菜单”也提不起兴趣。最终,作者决定参加在秘鲁原始森林里举行的远足活动。这次活动作者收获不少,感触良多。她意识到团队锻炼活动远比个人独自运动效果好得多。
41.C 语境提到“经常锻炼,健身房”,因此这里表示作者在家里跟着DVD锻炼,因此选C。
42. B 动词短语appeal to在此意为“对……有吸引力”,符合句意。contribute to“导致,引起”;cater to“迎合,满足”;object to“反对”。
43. A 作者决定报名参加在秘鲁举行的一次远足旅行活动。
44. D 作者希望这次远足旅行活动能使自己“动起来”,get sb./sth. moving是固定短语。
45. B scan在此是“扫描,看到”之意。在出发前,作者浏览了一下行程安排表,看到了诸如“原始森林远足3小时”、“沿瀑布滑绳而下”之类的语句。
46. C “穿过原始森林”应用介词through。
47. D 看到这些具有挑战性的词语,作者感到有点担心。
48. A  be rewarded with在此意为“得到……的奖赏”。符合句意。
49. B 形容词awesome在此意为“令人敬畏的,极好的”,符合句意。awful“可怕的”;accessible“可达到的”;still“静止的”。
50. D 这群由陌生人组成的团队激励着“我”前行。
51. A 后面一句or the valley below有提示,故可判断此空应指的是“山顶”。
52. B which在此引导一个非限定性定语从句,先行词为前面一句所表达的内容。
53. D 后面作者引用了两位专家的说法来证明自己的观点,故选D。expert意为“专家”,符合句意。
54. B 团队锻炼活动比单独锻炼活动效果会更好。workout在此用作名词,意为“锻炼”。
55. D 只有fitness与“锻炼”相关。fitness意为“健美”,符合句意。
56. A 这是因为团队里其他的人既提供了鼓励同时也形成了竞争的态势。
57. D 人是社交动物。social在此意为“社交的,群居的”,符合句意。
58. C 副词together在此是“一起,共同地”,符合句意。
59. D 考查原词复现。前文That’s because other people   56  both support and competition有提示。
60. B 有了团队的支持,“我”又慢慢地恢复了健康的生活方式。

本文是一篇记叙文。本文讲述了美国飓风中心的飞行员们在飓风形成之际,驾驶飞机,飞进风暴,收集气象数据的故事。               
61. flying考查非谓语动词。avoid 后面要求接动名词作宾语。
62. directly 考查副词。应用副词修饰动词。
63. the 考查冠词。形容词最高级前面应加定冠词the。
64. caused 考查时态。根据前面的时间状语Last month可知此处应用一般过去时态。
65. over考查介词。介词over 在此表示“在……的上方”。
66. miles考查名词复数。根据前面的150可知,其后的名词应用复数形式。
67. before考查连词。Price和机组人员在飓风登陆之前飞进了风暴,故用连词before引导一个时间状语从句。
68. attached考查非谓语动词。过去分词作定语,修饰tubes。
69. is sent 考查动词时态和语态。send和information 存在动宾关系,故用被动语态形式。此处讲的是一般性的情况。故填is sent。
70. dangerous考查词性转换。应用形容词作表语。
短文改错:
The other day, when I walked by a food shop, I noticed a old woman buying some food. She
an
doesn’t pay in cash. Instead of, she paid with WeChat. WeChat payment is becoming more and
didn’t
more popular. Why ∧people like to use WeChat payment? The main reason is that it is simple and
                do
convenience. What we need to do are to take out the cellphone, scan the QR code and pay for the
convenient                   is

goods we buy. We don’t have to carry wallets with me any longer.  WeChat payment, that has
                                           us                          which
changed the way we shop, was creating by Chinese. We should be proud of become a Chinese. It
                          created                           becoming
shows to the world that Chinese people are creative.
      
One possible version:
Dear Eric,
How time flies! It is time for me to graduate from college. Instead of finding a stable job in a big company, I would like to start my own business. I am planning to set up a company, selling books in foreign languages. Sales will be conducted online and offline. I will set up a bookshop near our university. At the same time books will also be sold online.
As you know, there is no bookshop selling books in the original language nearby. As a result, it is very difficult for teachers and students to buy books in foreign languages. I think this is a good business opportunity. Besides, majoring in English literature, I have advantages over others to do so.
As an employment adviser, what do you think of my plan? I’m looking forward to your advice.
Yours,
Li Hua


 

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