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福建泉港一中2017-2018高二英语下学期期末试题(附答案)

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福建泉港一中2017-2018高二英语下学期期末试题(附答案)

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泉港第一中学2017 -2018学年第二学期高二期末测试
英 语
第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What time is it now?
A.9:10   B.9:50   C.10:00
2. What does the woman think of the weather?
A. It’s nice.     B. It’s warm.    C. It’s cold.
3. What will the man do?
A. Attend a meeting.    B. Give a lecture.    C. Leave his office.
4. What is the woman’s opinion about the course?
A. Too hard.   B. Worth taking.   C. Very easy.
5. What does the woman want the man to do?
A. Speak lo uder.   B. Apologize to her.    C. Turn off the radio.
第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. How long did Michael stay in China?
A. Five days.    B. One week.    C. Two weeks.
7. Where did Michael go last year?
A. Russia.    B. Norway.   C. India.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8.What food does Sally like?
A. Chicken.   B. Fish.    C. Eggs.
9.What are the speakers going to do?
A. Cook dinner.    B. Go shopping.     C. Order dishes.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Where are the speakers?
A. In a hospital.    B. In the office.  C. At home.
11. When is the report due?
A. Thursday.    B. Friday.    C. Next Monday.
12. What does Geor ge suggest Stephanie do with the report?
A. Improve it.   B. Hand it in later.    C. Leave it with him.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Salesperson and customer.     B. Homeowner and cleaner.  C. Husband and wife.
14. What kind of apartment do the speakers prefer?
A. One with two bedrooms.   B. One without furniture.   C. One near a market.
15.How much rent should one pay for the one-bedroom apartment?
A.$360.   B. $400.     C. $415.
16.Where is the apartment the speakers would like to see?
A. On Lake Street.    B. On Market Street.    C. On South Street.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17.What percentage of the world’s tea exports go to Britain?
A. Almost 15%.   B. About 30%.     C. Over 40%.
18. Why do tea tasters taste tea with milk?
A. Most British people drink tea that way. B. Tea tastes much better with milk. C. Tea with milk is healthy.
19. Who suggests a price for each tea?
A. Tea tasters.    B. Tea exporters.    C. Tea companies.
20. What is the speaker talking about?
A. The life of tea tasters  B. Afternoon tea in Britain.   C. The London Tea Trade Centre.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
                                           A

Travel aboard our modern­equipped cruise ship National Geographic Explorer with a team of expert naturalists and historians as we visit the islands of South Georgia and the Falklands.
Days 1&2 — Miami/Buenos Aires, Argentina
Leave Miami on an overnight flight to Buenos Aires, Argentina's capital.Check in to the excellent Sofitel Buenos Aires Hotel before having a guided overview of the city, seeing its Beaux Arts palaces.
Day 3 — Buenos Aires/Ushuaia/Embark
Fly to Ushuaia, the southernmost city in the world.Join a cruise of the Beagle Channel before boarding our ship.
Day 4 — At Sea
Settle into shipboard life, listening to informal discussions from our naturalists to prepare us for the wildness ahead in the Falklands.Spend time on deck and on the bridge, watching seabirds.
Days 5&6 — Falkland Islands
Each Falkland island is different in its beauty.Walk on white­sand beaches; sail below cliffs; and hike across windswept grasslands.The Falklands boast the largest albatross (信天翁) colony in the world, thousands of Magellanic penguins, as well as herds of fur and elephant seals.
Days 7&8 — At Sea
During our days at sea, some lectures will be given.So we can learn about the fascinating history of Antarctic exploration, as well as the flora (植物群) and geology of South Georgia.
Days 9 through 13 — South Georgia Island
The following days are devoted to exploring the amazing coastline of South Georgia Island.The schedule is flexible, and throughout our journey there will be opportunities for walking, hiking, kayaking, and taking Zodiac excursions.
Days 14 through 16 — At Sea
With whales beneath and birds above, head out on deck to see and hear the ship crunch through the ice.
Days 17&18 — Ushuaia/Buenos Aires/Miami
Our journey ends in Ushuaia, with time to explore before boarding our flight to Buenos Aires, and an overnight flight to the US.
21.If you're interested in the largest albatross colony in the world, you'll look forward to ________.
A.Day 3     B.Day 4
C.Days 5 & 6      D.Days 7 & 8
22.The travelers can learn about the history of Antarctic exploration through ________.
A.reading books    B.attending lectures
C.watching movies  D.visiting museums
23.What will the travelers spend the most time in doing?
A.Shipping through the ice.
B.Visiting Argentina's capital.
C.Travelling in Falkland Islands.
D.Exploring South Georgia Island.
B
While encouraging children to do something with rewards of money, toys or even a special activity can be very effective, some experts believe this prevents youngsters from developing their own sense of responsibility.Alfie Kohn, author of Punished by Rewards, believes that giving rewards — even nonmaterial ones — only serves to control youngsters.
But not all experts agree.According to Dr Virginia Shiller, a psychologist and instructor at the Yale Child Study Center and coauthor of the book Rewards for Kids, rewards can help parents teach their children new habits.Shiller says the key is in how the rewards are given.“I was inspired to write this book by my own parenting experience, and I'm happy to say my sons — now in their late 20s — are very responsible people,” says Shiller.
Whether or not to offer rewards is a personal decision.Here are some tips to help your family.
Make rewards fairly immediate.Younger kids may need more immediate goals, while older kids can understand working toward longer­term rewards.Rewards can be small, and they don't need to be money or a toy.Even a trip to the library or park can be a treat.
Set realistic, specific goals.Don't try to convert too many things at once.If you try to work on getting to school on time, being nice to siblings (兄弟姐妹) and cleaning up toys all at once, that's too much.It's better to target just one or two actions in a particular time.
Make sure there's not a hidden problem.For example, if your child refuses to go to school, you may want to look into whether there is an unknown problem, such as bullying (欺凌) or a learning problem.
Rethink your requests.Are the tasks you're asking of your child age­appropriate (合适的) and beneficial?If they are, spend time explaining the value of those actions.
24.Which of the following statements would Dr Virginia Shiller agree to?
A.She failed to raise her sons to be responsible men.
B.Children should be given only nonmaterial rewards.
C.Children can benefit if they are properly rewarded.
D.Rewards prevent children from becoming responsible.
25.When trying to encourage younger kids to do something, parents should avoid ________.
A.promising a small reward
B.promising a long­term reward
C.promising a nonmaterial reward
D.making rewards fairly immediate
26.What does the underlined word “convert” in Paragraph 5 mean?
A.Replace.       B.Discover.
C.Exchange.            D.Change.
27.Which of the following tips is NOT given in the passage?
A.Thinking about hidden problems.
B.Helping children reach their goals.
C.Being realistic when making goals.
D.Thinking if the requests make sense.
 
C
You know the saying "You're as young as you feel." Well, there may be some truth, according to researchers at Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Ellen Langer, a Harvard psychologist who studies how the mind influences the body, and colleagues reviewed the scientific literature for evidence that a person’s perception of their age might influence their health. They published their results in the journal Perspectives on Psychological Science.
In one study that Langer led, 47 women had their hair done. The women who thought their new hairdos made them look younger did look younger to objective observers, who were shown before-and-after pictures. The women who thought they looked younger also showed a drop in blood pressure. Another study involving 4,421 men found that thise who became bald(秃顶)at a relatively young age were more likely to get cancer and heart disease than men who did not. Similarly, another study involving 2,017 men found that those who lost their hair early were more likely to develop heart disease. “We believe that the feelings associat ed with being older than one’s real age account for some of these health outcomes,” the researchers wrote.
The researchers also described studies that found that women who had children later in life were more likely to be healthier and live longer than those who had children early, which they attributed to the fact that these mothers tend to spend more time with younger women. Similarly, people who marry younger partners tend to live longer than those who marry older partners, according to other studies.
Taken together, the research “supports the general mind-body hypothesis(假说)that when a younger mind is prepared, a younger body can accompany it.” While the mechanism remains unclear, the researchers figured that suggestions associated with aging can “make one unconsciously or consciously aware of old age and set in motion a series of physiological processes that can have real effects on short-term and long-term health.”
28. The underlined word “perception” in Paragraph 2 means         .
A. view     B. appearance    C. Influence       D. creation
29. Which of the following statements is true according to Paragraph 3?
A. Blood pressure is highly related to hairdos.  
B. Feeling older than real age may be tied to health problems.
C. Getting cancer or heart disease is the cause of hair losing.
D. The women who love hairdos look younger than those don’t.
30. It can be inferred from Paragraph 4 that       .
A. a younger mother is more likely to live longer
B. the younger one of a couple lives much longer
C. often staying with younger people can benefit people’s health
D. people  who want to live longer need to marry young
31. The passage mainly tells us that        .
A. Getting bald too early is not good to marry young
B. Women had better give birth later in their life
C. Feeling younger to a couple is very important to their health
D. People’s feeling of their age may have an effect on their own health
D
   Spring is coming, and it is time for those about to graduate to look for jobs. Competition is tough, so job seekers must carefully consider their personal choices. Whatever we are wearing,our family and friends may accept us, but the workplace may not.
A high school newspaper editor said it is unfair for companies to discourage visible tattoos (纹身)nose rings, or certain dress styles. It is true you can’t judge a book by its cover, yet people do “cover” themselves in order to convey certain messages. What we wear, including tattoos and nose rings, is an expression of who we are. Just as people convey messages about themselves with their appearances» so do companies. Dress standards exist in the business world for a number of reasons, but the main concern is often about what customers accept.
Others may say how to dress is a matter of personal freedom, but for businesses it is more about whether to make or lose money. Most employers do care about the personal appearances of their employees (雇员),because those people represent the companies to their customers.
As a hiring manager I am paid to choose the people who would make the best impression on our customers. There are plenty of well-qualified candidates, so it is not wrong to reject someone who might disappoint my customers. Even though I am open-minded, I can’t expect all our customers are.
There is nobody to blame but yourself if your set of choices does not match that of your preferred employer. No company should have to chang e to satisfy a candidate simply cause he or she is unwilling to respect its standards, as long as its standards are legal.
32. Which of the following is the newspaper editor’ opinion according to Paragraph 2?
A. People’s appearances carry messages about themselves.
B. Customers’ choices influence dress standards in companies.
C. Candidates with tattoos or nose rings should be fairly treated.
D. Strange dress styles should not be encouraged in the workplace.
33. What can be inferred from the text?
A. Candidates have to wear what companies prefer for an interview.
B. What to wear is not a matter of personal choice for companies.
C. Companies sometimes have to change to respect their candidates.
D. Hiring managers make the best impression on their candidates.
34. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?
A. Employees Matter             B. Personal Choices Matter
C. Appearances Matter            D. Hiring Managers Matter
35. The author’s attitude towards strange dress styles in the workplace may best be described as   A. enthusiastic       B. negative        C positive     D. sympathetic
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
As CEO, you need to realize that each team member plays a role in your company and each individual is part of the whole. If you want to work effectively, your team must be harmonious. Here's how:
Build trust and respect. Make a team-oriented environment based on trust and respect without which there will only be limited success. A start-up is like a ship going through high
uncertainty. The captain needs the trust of his team, because people follow trust and honesty,not a person. 36______
Be true to your word. If you demand high productivity and quality work. you'd better be as good as your word. You get what you give.  37 When team members notice that you are a reliable person, they will imitate your behavior

38     If you want to improve teamwork, help people get to know each other better.Organize in-person meetings for all workers (all teams) at least once a year-more often if at all possible. Informal conversations bring people together and warm up human relationships. One option is to invite your team to play a game, like football or basket ball. If players want to win, they have to focus on cooperation. 39   
Take advantage of conflict. 40    Somewhere, somehow, conflict will show up. When confrontation between employees gets out of hand in a start-up, the CEO must face it. Don 't complicate the situation by deciding what is good or bad. Listen to all sides carefully and then talk to other team members who observed the quarrel. Brainstorming solutions favorable for both sides may even result in ideas that would never have come to mind without the conflict.
A. Organize a meeting for all employees.
B Lay stress on the importance of teamwork
C. A good team will always be efficient and productive.
D. There are no teams without occasional misunderstandings
E. If you promise to do something, be sure you will fulfill it
F. Thus their pure characters are exposed and real relationships are built
G. The stronger the trust is. the better the team will navigate without the captain on board
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Happy birthday! Do birthdays really make people happy? Of course they do. Birthdays __41_ the day we were born. __42__ that extra candle on the cake suggests another year of growth and maturity (成熟) — or so we hope. We all like to imagine that we're getting _43___ and not just older. Most of us enjoy seeing the miracle of growth in others, as well. For instance, seeing our children __44__ and learn new things makes us feel proud. For Americans, like people in most cultures, growing up is a wonderful process. But growing old? That's a(n) __45__ story.
 __46__ old is not exactly pleasant for people in youthoriented (以年轻人为中心) American culture. Most Americans like to look young, act young and feel young. As the old saying __47__, “You're as young as you feel.” Older people joke about how many years young they are, _48__ how many years old. People in some countries __49__ the aged as a source of __50__ and wisdom. But Americans seem to favor those that are young, or at least “young at __51__”.
Many older Americans find the “golden years” to be anything but golden. Economically, “senior citizens” often struggle just to get by. Retirement at age 65 brings a sharp __52__ in personal income. Social security benefits usually cannot __53__ the difference. Older people may __54__ from poor nutrition, medical care and housing. Some even experience age discrimination (歧视). In 1987, American sociologist Pat Moore __55__ up like an older person and wandered city streets. She was often treated __56__ — even cheated and robbed. However, dressed as a young person, she __57__ much more respect.
Unfortunately, the __58__ population in America is increasing fast. Why? People are living longer. __59__ babies are being born. And middle­aged “baby borners” are rapidly entering the groups of the elderly. America may soon be a place _60__ wrinkles (皱纹) are “in”. Marketing experts are already noticing this group of consumers.
41.A.congratulate B.Celebrate    C.honor         D.remember
42.A.Except       B.Except for   C.Besides        D.In addition
43.A.wiser        B.Wise      C.later          D.late
44.A.leave        B.Go         C.develop       D.study
45.A.same        B.Different    C.interesting     D.interested
46.A.Kept        B.Growing   C.Keeping       D.Grown
47.A.talks        B.Speaks    C.goes          D.tells
48.A.other than    B.rather than   C.as well        D.but
49.A.value        B.Expect     C.like           D.attempt
50.A.money      B.Support    C.experience      D.disease
51.A.hand      B.All        C.heart        D.body
52.A.increase   B.Decrease    C.growth       D.release
53.A.pick up    B.take up     C.make up      D.put up
54.A.suffer      B.Hear      C.keep         D.get
55.A.wore      B.Took     C.dressed       D.set
56.A.well       B.Rudely    C.kindly        D.cruelly 
57.A.accepted   B.Received   C.brought      D.took
59.A.Fewer     B.Less     C.More        D.Smaller
60.A.which     B.Where   C.that          D.What
第Ⅱ卷
注意: 在答题卡上与题号相对应的答题区域内答题,写在试卷、草稿纸上货答题卡非题号对应的答题区域的答案一律无效。不得用规定以外的笔和纸答题,不得在答卷上做任何标记。
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Some of us in developed societies     61   (trap) in a spending circle. We work hard in order to earn more money. Sometimes we deposit a little   62    the hope of making even more money. .But the more money we earn, the    63    (little)we see it. Because we are taxpayers, the more we earn, the more tax we should pay to those     64   govern us. In this spending circle, we accumulate    65     (possess) but never feel we have enough. We work hard for bigger and better houses and cars and have no time to enjoy them. They feel like    66   big burden. There is a growing resistance to the consumer society which is affecting the youth of today. The government should make some laws. If such laws   6 7  (come) into being,
 a  huge    68     (adjust) would be required and there would be diverse     69   (react). As a society, we should take these issues more      70     (serious).
第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
          2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Nowadays iPads have become popular, educational and fun tool for both teachers and students. For many students, surf the Internet, including checking emails and communicating with friends on QQ is how they need on an iPad.Obvious, it is helpful to them. However, some students bring their iPads to the classroom and play the music loudly, that ruins their learning atmosphere. Worse still, some of them even wastes their precious time play video games all day. With students, they should not be given iPads, and they will have their life and study affected.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,在你校就读的英国交换生Peter 对中国古典音乐很感兴趣,你恰好非常擅长二胡演奏。请你给Peter写封邮件,约他周末到你家去了解一下这种中国乐器,并为他演奏二胡,要点如下;
1 简介二胡:始于唐朝,已有1000多年的历史
2 二胡音乐优美
3 发出邀请
注意:1 词数100左右  2 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
   

 

 

 

 

 

参考答案:
 听力      1-20  1.A   2.C   3.A   4.B   5.C   6.B   7.A   8.B   9.C   10.B11.A  12.B  13.C  14.A  15.B   16.C  17.B  18.A  19.A  20.C
阅读理解C B D,CBDB ABCD   CBCB GEAFD
.完形填空1-5:CCACD,6-10:BCBAC 11-15:CBCAC 16-20:BBDAB
.课文语法填空
1..are trapped 2,in 3. less 4. who 5.possessions 6.a 7.came
8.adjustment 9.reactions 10.seriously
短文改错
1:become后加a 2.surf 改为surfing 3.how改为what 4. Obvious改为Obviously
5. the music去掉the 6.that 改为which 7wastes改为waste.8play改为.playing 9.With 改为As10.and改为or
 

 

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