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河北承德市2017-2018高三上学期英语期末试卷(有答案)

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河北承德市2017-2018高三上学期英语期末试卷(有答案)

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第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转写到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What are they talking about?
A. Giving tips.      B. Reducing the price.    C. Ordering a dinner.
2. What time should Jenny come here?
A. At 1:50 pm.      B. At 2:00 pm.      C. At 2:30 pm.
3. Where are the two speakers?
A. At home.      B. At school.      C. In a library.
4. How much did they pay for the repair of the bike?
A. 25 yuan.      B. 50 yuan.      C. 100 yuan.
5. Why will Tom be invited to the party?
A. Because the woman likes him.
B. Because he is the man’s good friend.
C. Because the man’s mother wants him to come.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What size did the woman wear last year?
A. 6.        B. 7.        C. 8.
7. Why have the woman’s feet been hurting?
A. Her shoes are the wrong size.
B. She walks too much each day.
C. Her shoes are of very low quality.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. Where is the woman going?
A. To her house.     B. To an appointment.    C. To West 22nd Street
9. What can we learn from the conversation?
A. The woman is in a rush.
B. It is going to rain soon.
C. The traffic is heavy at the moment.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Who are the speakers?
A. Girlfriend and boyfriend.   B. Teacher and student.    C. Director and actor.
11. How does the man appear to the woman?
A. Hurt.       B. Mad.       C. Happy.
12. What does the woman want the man to do?
A. Express his sad feelings.   B. Show more anger.    C. Take a break.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. Where did the woman meet the man?
A. At the Berlin bus station.
B. At the London bus station.
C. At the woman’s apartment.
14. How long was the man’s trip?
A. An hour and a half.    B. Nine hours.      C. Nineteen hours.
15. Why did the man choose to take a bus?
A. To save money.
B. To enjoy the country view.
C. To be environmentally friendly.
16. What did the woman say about the man?
A. He doesn’t look well
B. He could have taken a faster bus.
C. He should care more about the environment.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Who is the speaker?
A. A TV hostess.     B. A radio hostess.     C. A professor.
18. What did the Harvard university study find?
A. Fast readers get the best grades.
B. Parent’s education is important to kid’s success.
C. More books at home mean success in school.
19. According to the speaker, what is the best part of reading?
A. It’s a fun activity.
B. It’s relaxing at bedtime.
C It’s a great way to communicate.
20. When should parents start to read to their kids?
A. As early as possible.
B. When their kids learn to speak.
C. As soon as their kids can hold a book.
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
From The 12 Days of Christmas to See You in the Cosmos, these children’s books are ideal for holiday giving.
The 12 Days of Christmas
by Greg Pizzoli
It’s a classic Christmas reading material! It’s a counting lesson! It’s a crazy tale of elephant love. Have you ever wondered how all those calling birds, turtle doves and French hens fit in one room? Pizzoli, a Theodor Seuss Geisel Award winner has your answer. ($ 15.99, ages 3—5) Amazon. com
Here We Are
by Oliver Jeffers
Yes, this book by the illustrator (插画家) of the great hit “The Day the Crayons Quit” is for kids ages 3—7, but don’t let that fool you. Inspired by the birth of Jeffers1 first child, this is a father’s “welcome to the earth” letter to his baby, filled with the heady wonder of parenthood A great gift for new parents. ($ 19.99. ages 3—7) Amazon. com
Wishtree
by Katherine Applegate, illustrated by Charles Santoso.
When a towering oak tree learns that she may be cut down, she starts getting extraordinarily involved in the lives of the humans below her, particularly a girl who is being escaped due to her ethnicity (种族). A lovely tale about common ground and the power of community. ($ 16.99, ages 8 —12) Amazon. com
See You in the Cosmos
by Jack Cheng
Eleven-year-old Alex is too busy trying to communicate with space aliens to worry about his troubled family life. When Alex runs away from home to launch his homemade rocket, he finds himself sidetracked by new friends and hints of a family secret. ($ 16.99, ages 10 and up) Amazon. com
21. Which of the following books is about acting as new parents?
A. Wishtree.          B. The Days of Christmas.
C. Here We Are.         D. See You in the Cosmos.
22. How much will you pay for two different books at least?
A. $ 30.98.    B. $ 31.98.    C. $ 32.98.    D. $ 33.98.
23. What can we learn from the book Wishtree?
A. Friendship is more important than anything else in our life.
B. It mainly talks about environmental protection.
C. The girl has difficulty with her school life.
D. Both the tree and the girl are facing crisis.
B
I have learned something about myself since I moved from Long Island to Florida three years ago. Even though 1 own a home in Port St. Lucie just minutes from the ocean, an uncontrollable urge wells up to return to Long Island even as others make their way south. I guess I am a snowbird stuck in reverse. Instead of enjoying Florida’s mild winters, I willingly endure the severe weather on Long Island, the place I called home for 65 years.
I’m like a migratory bird (候鸟) that has lost its sense of timing and direction, my wings flapping against season.
So what makes me fly against the tide of snowbirds? The answer has a lot to do with my reluctance to give up the things that define who I am. Once I hear that the temperature on Long Island has dipped into the range of 40 to 50 degrees, I begin to long for the sight and crackling sound of a wood fire. I also long for the bright display of colors—first in the fall trees, and then in the lights around homes and at Rockefeller Center. Floridians decorate, too, but can’t create the special feel of a New England winter.
I suppose the biggest reason why I return is to celebrate the holidays with people I haven’t seen in months. What could be better than sitting with family and friends for a Thanksgiving turkey dinner, or watching neighbors’ children excitedly open gifts on Christmas? Even the first snowfall seems special. I especially enjoy seeing a bright red bird settling on a snow-covered branch. (My wife and 1 spend winters at a retirement community in Ridge, and I’m grateful that I don’t have to shovel.)
While these simple pleasures are not unique to Long Island, they are some of the reasons why I come back. Who says you can’t go home?
24. What’s the difference between Florida and Long Island?
A. Winters in Florida are milder.
B. The snowbirds in Florida are rarer.
C. Weather in Florida is severer.
D. Florida is nearer to the ocean.
25. What does the underlined word “reluctance” in Paragraph 3 mean?
A. Unwillingness.   B. Expectation.   C. Coincidence.   D. Motivation.
26. Which of the following words can best describe the author?
A. Imaginative and outspoken.      B. Hard-working and serious.
C. Homesick and easy-going.       D. Anxious and painful.
27. What’s the author’s purpose in writing the text?
A. To describe his dream to be a free bird.
B. To express his feeling of missing his hometown.
C. To praise the beauty and warmth of his hometown.
D. TO explain the reasons for moving from his hometown.
C
When Dee Dee Bridgewater learned that she would become a 2017 NEA Jazz Master, a series of thoughts and feelings flooded her mind. “It was so far out of my orbit and just my whole sphere of thinking,” she said in a conversation at NPR this spring, hours before she formally received her award.
She’s 66-far from retirement age in jazz, and on the extreme forward edge of the NEA Jazz Masters people. So she was aware of her relative youth in the field She also recognized that there haven’t been many women in the ranks of NEA Jazz Masters: fewer than 20, out of 145. That idea led her to reflect on her predecessors (前任): legendary singers like Betty Carter* who was seated back in 1992, and Abbey Lincoln, who received the nod in 2003.
Bridgewater sought inspiration and advice from both Carter and Lincoln, as she recalls in this period of Jazz Night, which features music recorded during the season opener for Jazz at Lincoln Center. On a program called “Songs of Freedom”, organized by drummer Ulysses Owens, Jr., Bridgewater sang material associated with Lincoln as well as Nina Simone: an extremely angry song of the civil rights movement, like “Mississippi Goddam”.
A separate concert, “Songs We Love”, found Bridgewater singing less politically charged (but still exciting) fare like “St. James Infirmary”, which appears on her most recent album. In words as well as music, this period reveals how seriously Bridgewater takes that responsibility, seeing as how it connects to her own experience in the jazz lineage. But maybe “seriously” isn’t the right word when it comes to Dee Dee, whose effervescence (欢腾) shines through even in a reflective mood. Join her here for a while; she’s excellent company, no more or less so now that mastery is officially a part of her resume.
28. What did Bridgewater think of her winning the award?
A. It confused her.
B. It was beyond her expectation.
C. It won great popular support for her.
D. It gave her much confidence about her career.
29. What can we learn about the musicians winning NEA Jazz Masters?
A. Women ranked higher than men.
B. Men accounted for a bigger part of them.
C. Most of them were unwilling to retire at first.
D. Many of them received the award at an early age.
30. Who is more likely to have a great influence on Bridgewater?
A. Carter and Lincoln.        B. Ulysses and Lincoln.
C. Nina Simone and Carter.       D. Nina Simone and Ulysses.
31. What does the last paragraph mainly talk about?
A. Bridgewater’s music theme.
B. Bridgewater’s music experience.
C. Bridgewater’s personal characters.
D. Bridgewater’s great achievements.
D
How do the world’s only flying mammals communicate? Researchers have observed young bats adopting new “dialects” simply by hearing them repeatedly, making them one of the few animals known to have a capacity for vocal (声音的) learning. “These bats may help us clarify the evolution of speech acquisition (习得) skills,” says Yosef Prat, a PhD at Tel Aviv University (TAU).
For one year, researchers raised 14 Egyptian fruit bat pups with their mothers in controlled area, exposing each young bat to two different vocalizations: the natural call of its mother and a separate recording that varied in pitch (音高) or frequency. They found that the pups in each group developed a dialect like the recording. “The general assumption in this field is that most animals develop their born vocalizations regardless of what they hear, and that human vocal learning abilities have developed during evolution,” says Mr Prat. “The finding that bats learn the common dialect in their rest place was unusual.”
Scientists know little about the origin of spoken language, which is believed to have appeared in humans within the past 500,000 years. Dozens of theories attempt to explain the complexity of this skill, but none have done so conclusively.
“Studying vocal communication and vocal learning in animal models is a very useful way to approach the problem,” says Olga Feher, an assistant professor at the University of Warwick in England.
But animal vocalizations and human speech are very different things, says Jamin Pelkey, a professor at Ryerson University. “All species communicate. Unlike other animals, though, human beings are able to use sound patterns for functions that are far stranger—functions that are imaginative, theoretical, and critical. When speech is involved in these stranger functions, that is what we mean by spoken ‘language’.”
32. How do young bats acquire their “language” according to the research?
A. Flying in the air slowly.
B. Hearing it again and again.
C. Communicating with partners.
D. Repeating it with their mothers.
33. What was the general view about animal vocalization?
A. Most animals are born with it
B. Its process was unusual.
C. It is easier than human speech.
D. What animals heard doesn’t affect their learning.
34. What does the underlined word “problem” in Paragraph 4 refer to?
A. The difference between animals and humans.
B. The complexity of spoken language.
C. The origin of spoken language.
D. The study of animal models.
35. What does professor Pelkey think of researching young bats?
A. It is far from the fact
B. Its result is beyond doubt.
C. It is of great scientific value.
D. It doesn’t relate to human speech much.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Difficult financial times don’t mean your giving shuts down.   36   There are so many ways to give back that won’t hurt your wallet and will enrich your life.
1. Pick up the phone
Calling someone “for no reason” is an important opportunity to show them that you are thinking of them. You are taking time out of your busy day to reach out. Everyone needs someone to just listen sometimes. They may be filled with joy or sadness.  37 
2. Write a note
  38   It is one thing to say it, but it can be even more meaningful to put it in writing. What if you made a commitment to write a thank-you note to someone every week?
3.  39 
You never know what someone might be going through-a painful divorce, a tough college semester, or just a bad day. Opening up your home will make someone feel appreciated. In addition’ it costs less than going out. The leftovers from this dinner can be packaged up for homeless people. That’s double giving!
4. Set aside money from a daily routine to donate
Giving doesn’t have to mean a life full of sacrifices. You can still buy a burger or get your nails done.  40   Donate the money you saves: Even $ 5 can make a difference in someone’s life.
A. Give a gift to the stomach.
B. Invite someone over for dinner.
C. To take your awareness to a new level, move beyond money.
D. But instead of buying much coffee every week, you can drink less.
E. While some people enjoy receiving gifts, all of us appreciate a kind word.
F. Instead, they allow you to examine how your time and money are spent.
G. Be there to celebrate their good news, or support them with sympathy.
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Yesterday, I posted a story and afterwards donated a little money after I read others’ sad stories. Later, as I got into bed and completed my   41   and self-examination on the day, I came to the realization that 1 was   42   money. Wow! It was just a   43   to see this in myself.
It is   44   enough that in the real world I have money in the bank but don’t give away   45  . I don’t have a lot of money,  46   enough to pay my bills and help my daughters. Also I save some money for a   47   day. I know I could give more but   48   and fed some comfort in a little pile of money. I’m quite   49   to see in myself that it is hard to practice the beautiful   50   in the real world. The belief is that the needs of people   51   are more important than having a little pile of money to feel   52   with.
So here I was doing the same   53   thing-saving but not giving away much money! With so many people waiting to be helped, it was pretty terrible for me to   54   how much I   55   seeing that little pile of money in my hands. I have already   56   today that even if it is hard to give it all away in the real world, I am going to guarantee more   57   will come my way.
There will always be enough money for me. I am not going to let   58   pile up anymore. I am going to give it away when I   59   it because love is   60   what makes the world go round.
41. A. suffering   B. strength    C. reflection    D. forecast
42. A. saving    B. earning    C. borrowing    D. wasting
43. A. coincidence   B. wisdom    C. pleasure    D. shock
44. A. rude    B. bad     C. beneficial    D. harmful
45. A. another    B. anything    C. less     D. more
46. A. but     B. for     C. and     D. so
47. A. bright    B. sunny     C. lucky     D. rainy
48. A. go out    B. show off    C. hold back    D. hide away
49. A. peaceful   B. fair     C. ashamed    D. exciting
50. A. dilemma   B. belief     C. figure     D. future
51. A. on duty    B. in trouble    C. as well     D. in debt
52. A. safe    B. risky     C. grateful    D. funny
53. A. useless    B. necessary    C. intelligent    D. foolish
54. A. refuse    B. improve    C. realize     D. abandon
55. A. missed    B. enjoyed    C. hated     D. regretted
56. A. evaluated   B. guessed    C. decided    D. ignored
57. A. donations   B. items     C. wishes     D. surveys
58. A. food    B. money     C. books     D. things
59. A. get     B. eat     C. deliver     D. obey
60. A. hardly    B. merely     C. sincerely    D. truly
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
A new TV series in England, Away from it all, has surprised everyone by becoming a huge success with young people across the country. Its success is surprising because   61   main character in the series is a shepherd, and the series is about the relaxing and different   62   (lifestyle) of people who live in the country. There is none of the actions that we usually see on TV today. There are also no stressful moments, busy offices or   63   (crowd) cities. Away from it all   64   (set) in the peaceful English countryside and tells simple stories about people’s kindness.
The director of the TV series says that its success is a sign of teenagers   65   (suffer) from stress. He says that watching Away from it all   66   (help) teenagers forget about the pressures of exams and homework, and the troubles   67   fill the world today.
  68   the series’ success might have a good side, many teachers and parents are worried They say that some of their students and children are becoming couch potatoes and are using Away from it all as an excuse for not completing homework. Some children have even refused to learn for exams because they say that they can only achieve   69   (person) happiness by avoiding stressful situations   70   (complete).
第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Many people who smoke say that smoking helps them think better. Therefore, I am afraid I cannot agree them. I am strong against smoking. First, smoking is bad for one’s healthy. People who smoke often develop or even die of different diseases. Second, smoking polluted the air. People cannot work or study well in a room be full of smoke. Third, smoking wastes money. Every year, million of dollars are spent treat diseases caused by smoking. What we can see, smoking does more harm than good* and students should not pick out the habit.
第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华。外教Peter计划于本周日组织你校学生进行一场橄榄球比赛,并委托你以学生会名义用英语写一则通知,主要内容包括:
1. 比赛时间和场地;
2. 提前到场以了解规则;
3. 准备运动装备,注意安全。
注意:
1. 词数100左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

 

河北省承德市联校2018届高三上学期期末考试
英语试题答案
1〜5 ABACC 6〜10 BAACC 11〜15 ABAOC 16〜20 ADCCA
21〜23 CCD 24〜27 AACB 28〜31 BBAA 32〜35 BDCD 36〜40 FGEBD
41〜45 CADBD 46〜50 ADCCB 51〜55 BADCB 56〜60 CABAD
61. the 62. lifestyles 63. crowded 64. is set 65. suffering
66. helps 67. that / which 68. Although / Though / While 69. personal 70. completely
短文改错
Many people who smoke say that smoking helps them think better. Therefore, I am afraid I cannot agree ∧
                                                          However                       with
them. I am strong against smoking. First, smoking is bad for one’s healthy. People who smoke often develop or even
         strongly                                      health
die of different diseases. Second, smoking polluted the air. People cannot work or study well in a room be full of
                                  pollutes                                          删除be
smoke. Third, smoking wastes money. Every year, million of dollars are spent treat diseases caused by smoking.
                                         millions               treating
What we can see, smoking does more harm than good* and students should not pick out the habit.
As                                                                  up
书面表达
One possible version:
NOTICE
There is a rugby match to be held this Sunday on our school playground. Every student is welcome to watch the match organized by Mr Peter. Students who are interested in rugby can join in the match. And there are some important things everybody should pay attention to.
Firstly, any participant should go to the playground on time so that there will be enough time left for Mr Peter to explain some rules about rugby. Secondly, each player should wear sports clothes and shoes. It will be better if you have a protective helmet. Last but not least, every player should focus on your own safety. Boys and girls, let’s move and join together.
The Students’ Union

 


 

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